PITHAPURAM E STATF_
the expenditure Rs. 6,200. In 1903-4 the income was Rs. 9,ooo,
of which Rs. 5,000 was derived from a property tax; and the expen-
diture was Rs. 8,ooo.
Pirpainti.-Village in the head-quarters subdivision of Bhagalpur
District, Bengal, situated in 25' 18' N. and 87° 25' E., on the East
Indian Railway. Population (19011), 2,741. There is a considerable;
export of country produce. Stone is quarried in the neighbourhood.
Pishin.-Subdivision and tahsil covering the centre of the Quetta.-
Pishin District, Baluchistan, lying between 30° 1' and 31° 12' N. and
66° 21' and 67° 48' E. It consists of the southern slopes of the Toba
hills and the basin of the Pishin Lora, the latter being a plain lying
about 5,000 feet above sea-level. The area of the tahsil is 2,717
square miles; its population in r9or was 51,753, showing an increase:
Of 14,573 since 18gr. Pishin, the head-quarters, which has sprung
up since the British occupation, is 6 miles from Yaru Karen rail-
way station. The villages number 271, and the land revenue in
1903-4 amounted to Rs. 80,7oo. Large revenue-free grants, a relic:
of Afghan rule, are held chiefly by Saiyids. The tahsil contains two
irrigation works, the Shebo canal and the Khushdil Khan reservoir.
Pishin Lora r.-River in Baluchistan, having its source in the
western slopes of the Kand mountain of the Toba-Kakar range and
terminating in the Hamun-i-Lora. Its total length is about 250 miles
The principal affluents meet near Shadizai in Pishin. In addition
to the Barshor Lora or main stream, they consist of the Kakar Lora.,
the Surkhab, and the Shorarud. Below the confluence of the upper
tributaries the bed is 200 yards wide, and lies between scarped banks
about 20 feet high. The running stream, however, is usually not more
than a few yards wide and quite shallow. On entering the hills west
of Shorarud the course becomes deep and narrow, until it debouches
into the Shorawak plain (30° 22' N., 66° 22' E.). Here it becomes
dissipated into several channels which find their way through Nushki.
The area drained includes the west of the Sarawan country, Quetta-
Pishin, and Nushki in Baluchistan, besides Shorawak in Afghanistan.
For purposes of irrigation, water is taken off wherever it can be made
available. The Shebo canal and the Khushdil Khan reservoir in
Pishin are dependent on it for their supply; and in 1903 an embank-
ment for irrigation was constructed in the north of the Nushki tahsil
across the Bur channel.
Pithapuram Estate.-A permanently settled zanaindari estate in
Godavari District, Madras, with an area of 383 square miles, of which
the greater part lies in the zamindari tahsil of Pithapuram and the
Cocanada tdluk. The estate contains 168 towns and villages, and has
' Lora is a Pashto word signifying a channel carrying flood-water, as distinguished
from rud, a perennial stream.