RÂDHANPUR ST4 TE 23
lying between a3° 26' and z3° 58' N. and 71° 28' and 7z° 31 E.,
with an area of 1,150 square miles. Including Sami and Munjpur,
it is bounded on the north by the petty States of Morvada and
Tervada; on the east by Baroda; on the south by Ahmadabad Dis-
trict and Jhinjhavada in Kathiawar; and on the west by the petty
State of Varàhi under Palanpur.
The country is flat and open. Its rivers, three in number, rise near
Mount Abu and the spurs of the Aravalli range, and fall into the
Little Rann. They generally dry up during the hot season, when the
inhabitants are dependent on wells for their supply. Water is found
at a depth of from io to 30 feet, but is sweet only near the surface,
owing to the proximity of the Rann. From April to July, and in
October and November, the heat is excessive. If rain falls, August
and September are pleasant months; and from December to March the
climate is cool and bracing. The prevailing disease is fever. The
mean temperature is 41° in January and 115° in June.
Radhanpur, now held by a branch of the Babi family, who, since
the reign of Humayan, have always been prominent in the annals of
Gujarat, is said to have once belonged to the Vaghelas, and to have
been called Lûnavada, after Vaghela Litnaji of the Sardhara branch
of that tribe. Subsequently it was held as a fief under the Sultans
of Gujarat by Fateh Khan Baloch, and is said to have been named
Radhanpur after Radhan Khan of that family.
The first Bâbi entered Hindustan in the company of Humayûn.
Bahadur Khan Babi was appointed faujddr of Tharad in the reign
of Shah Jahan ; and his son Sher Khan Babi, on account of his local
knowledge, was sent to aid prince Murad Bakhsh in the government
of Gujarat. In 1693 his son Jafar Khan, by his ability and local
influence, obtained the faujddri of Radhanpur, Sami, Munjpur, `and
Tervada, with the title of Safdar Khan. In 1704 he was made
governor of Bijapur (in Gujarat), and in 1706 of Patan. His son
Khan Jahan, also styled Khanji Khan, received the title of Jahan
Mard Khan, and was appointed governor of Radhanpur, Patan,
Vadnagar, Visalnagar, Bijapur, Kheralu, c&c. His son, again, Kamal-
ud-din Khan, usurped the governorship of Ahmadabad after the death
of Aurangzeb, during the incursions of the Marathas and the sub-
sequent collapse of the imperial power. During his rule a branch
of the family was able to establish itself at Junagarh and Balasinor.
The founder of the Junagarh house, who was also the first Bâbi of
Balasinor, was Muhammad Bahadur, otherwise known as Sher Khan.
In 1753 Raghunath Rao Peshwa and Damaji Gaikwar suddenly
appeared before Ahmadabad ; and Kamal-ud-din Khan, after a bril-
liant defence, was forced to surrender the city, but was confirmed as
jüpddr of Radhanpur, Sami, Munjpur, Patan, Visalnagar, Vadnagar,