Bij‚pur, Thar‚d, and Kher‚lu. It was agreed at the same time that
the Mar‚thas should give Kamal-ud-din Khan the sum of one lakh,
besides presenting him with an elephant and other articles of value.
Damaji Gaikw‚r, however, wrested from his successors all their
dominions, excepting R‚dhanpur, Sami, and Munjpur.
In 1813 R‚dhanpur, through Captain Carnac, then Resident at
Baroda, concluded an engagement with the Gaikwar, whereby the
latter, under the advice of the British authorities, was empowered to
control the external relations of R‚dhanpur, and assist in defending
it from foreign invasion. In 1819, on aid being sought of the British
Government by R‚dhanpur against the Khosas, a predatory tribe from
Sind, Colonel Barclay marched against them and expelled them from
Gujarat. In 1820 Major Miles negotiated an agreement with the
Naw‚b of Radhanpur. Under the terms of this agrŽement the Nawab
bound himself not to harbour robbers, or enemies of the British
Government; to accompany the British troops with all his forces ; and
to pay a tribute in proportion to his means. On February 18, 1822,
the tribute was fixed for five years at Rs. 17,ooo. This tribute was,
in 1825, remitted by the British Government, and has never again
been imposed, the engagement of 1820 remaining in force in. other
respects. The Nawab is entitled to a salute of i i guns. The family
hold a sanad authorizing any succession that may be legitimate accord-
ing to Muhammadan law, and follow the rule of primogeniture in point
The population in igoi was 61,548, compared with 98,or7 in 1891.
Hindus numbered 49,887 and Muhammadans 8,oig. The State
contains one town, RADHANPUR ; and 159 villages. The principal pro-
ducts are cotton, wheat, and the common kinds of grain. Except
vegetables, no irrigated crops are grown. The only manufacture of
importance is the preparation of a fine description of saltpetre.
The chief has power to try his own subjects, even for capital offences,
without permission from the Political Agent. In 1903-4 the gross
revenue of the State amounted to nearly 4 lakhs, chiefly derived from
land (2ē7 lakhs) and customs (Rs. 79,000).
The State maintains a military force of 35 horse and 163 foot. The
strength of the police in 1903-4 was 771 men. There are 24 schools
attended by 711 pupils, including 94 girls, The State maintained six
medical institutions in 1903-4, treating more than 13,400 patients.
In the same year over 1,500 persons were vaccinated.
R‚dhanpur Town.-Capital of the State of the same name in
Bombay, situated in 23į 49' N. and 71į 39' E. Population (igoi),
11,879. It lies in the midst of an open plain, mostly under water
during the rains. It is surrounded by a loopholed wall 15 feet high,
8 feet broad, and about 21ff miles in circumference, with corner