RJJK07' STATF 73
of the ancient town of Rajagriha are found inscriptions on huge slabs
of stone, which form a natural pavement. So far as is known, the
characters have never been deciphered.
[Archaeological Survey of India, vol. i, pp. 16-34, and vol. viii,
PP. 85-I OO-l
Rājirn.-Village in the District and tahsil of Raipur, Central Pro-
vinces, situated in 20° 58' N. and 81° 53' E., 27 miles from Raipur
town, on a branch of the Raipur-Dhamtarl narrow-gauge railway. The
town stands on the right bank of the river Mahanadi at its junction
with the Pairi. Population (1901), 4,985. This figure, however, was
in excess of the normal number of residents, as it included visitors
to the fair. Rajim contains a fine group of temples dedicated to
Vishnu, the principal of which is that of Rajivlochan (~ the lotus-eyed')
which is visited by all pilgrims on their way to Jagannath. It is
a handsome building, 59 by 252 feet, standing on a platform 8 feet
high. Another temple of Kuleshwar is situated on a small island in
the Mahanadi. A large annual fair takes place at Rajim, lasting, for
about six weeks in February and March. It is principally a cattle-fair,
but much War silk from Bilaspur is also sold. Rajim is the centre of
a considerable amount of general trade, principally in lac and myra-
bolams. It has a primary school.
Rājkot State.-State in the Kathiawar Political Agency, Bombay,
lying between 22° 3' and 22° 27' N. and 70° 46' and 71° 9' E., with an
area of 282 square miles. It is an undulating country, with a stony
soil watered by several streams, of which the Aji is perennial. The
climate, though hot in the months of April, May, and October, is
generally healthy. The annual rainfall averages from 20 to 25 inches.
Rajkot is an offshoot of Navanagar. The founder of the house was
Kunwar Vibhoji, younger son of Ajoji, a great-grandson of Jam Raval.
In 1807 the ruler executed the usual engagements. The family follows
the rule of primogeniture in matters of succession, and holds a sanad
authorizing adoption. The chief is entitled to a salute of 9 guns, and
is addressed as Thakur Sahib.
The population at the last four enumerations was: (1872) 36,770,
(1881) 46,540, (1891) 49,958, and (1901) 49795 Hindus number
40,153, Musalmāns 6,251, and Jains 3,352. The only town is RXJKOT,
the capital, and there are 6o villages.
The total area under cultivation is 175 square miles, of which
14 square miles are irrigated. There is no uniform and fixed revenue
system in the State, for 28 villages fall under the bhdgbatai or share of
produce system and 3 under the vighoti or cash assessment system.
The chief irrigational work is the Lalpuri tank, which supplies 3 square
miles. Horse-breeding is carried on in a State paddock, contain
ing 2 stallions and 30 mares and costing about Rs. 5,000. Cattle-