r8a RA NIPA
is much looked up to by the hillmen of the surrounding tracts. The
Rampa hill country is now almost entirely included in the minor tdluk
of Chodavaram. It contains extensive forests; but the shifting culti-
vation (podu) practised throughout this region, to which the Forest Act
is not applied, is very destructive. This practice involves burning
down the forests, the crop being raised among the ashes. There are
only two roads, one r4 and the other ig miles long. A strong police
force is maintained at Chodavaram, and a smaller body at Kota. Both
stations are stockaded. The inhabitants are principally hill Reddis.
The chief products are bamboos and tamarinds.
Rampa1.-Village in the Munshiganj subdivision of Dacca District,
Eastern Bengal and Assam, situated in a3° 33' N. and 90° 3o' E.
Population (rgoi), 5rg. The site of the old capital of Bikrampur is
pointed out near the large tank called Rampal-dighi, which is three-
quarters of a mile long by a quarter of a mile broad; to the north of
this tank is the Ballal-bari, or palace of Ballal Sen, the remains of
which consist of a quadrangular mound of earth 3,ooo square feet in
area surrounded by a moat; zoo feet wide. Foundations and remains
of other buildings are found for miles around, and early in the
nineteenth century a cultivator ploughed up in the neighbourhood
a diamond worth Rs. 70,000. Inside the Ballal-bari is a deep excava-
tion called Agnikunda, where tradition says the last prince of Bikram-
pur and his family burned themselves at the approach of the Musal
mans. Close to the Ballal-bari stands a much venerated tomb of one
Baba Adam or Adam Shahid.
[Cunningham, Archaeolo,ical Survey of, India Reports, vol. xv;
Rampardar.=Petty State in KATHIAWAR, Bombay.
Rampur State Native State in Rohilkhand, under the political
superintendence of the Government of the United Provinces, lying
between a8° 25' and a9° ro' N. and 78° 52' and 79° 26' E., with an
area of 893 square miles. It resembles a wedge in shape, with the
apex pointing south. On the north it is bounded by Naini Tal District;
on the east by Bareilly ; on the south by Budaun ; and on the west by
Moradabad. Rampur State is a level, fertile tract of country, the
northern portion of which resembles the damp TARAI
aspects tract lying farther north. It is crossed by many small
streams, the chief of which are the Kosi and Nahal.
The Ramganga, which flows from north-west to south-east across the
southern part of the State, ultimately receives all the drainage.
The whole State lies in the area occupied by alluvium, and no rocky
or stony formation occurs in any part.
The flora is that of the damp submontane tract. There is not much
jungle, except in the north. Bamboos flourish everywhere, and the