184 RAMPUR STATE
was given to the Nawab of Oudh in ejecting the usurper and installing
Ahmad Ali Khan, son of the murdered chieftain.
On the cession of Rohilkhand to the British Government in 18o r,
the family were confirmed in their possesssions. For his unswerving
loyalty during the Mutiny of 1857, Muhammad Yusuf Ali Khan, Nawab
of Rampur, received a grant of land, then assessed at 1-3 lakhs, in
addition to other honours and an increase of guns in his salute. He
was succeeded in 1864 by his son, Nawab Muhammad Kalb Ali Khan,
G.C.S.I., C.I.E., who, at the Imperial Assemblage at Delhi, received
a standard and an addition for life of two guns to his salute, the
ordinary salute of the chiefship being 13 guns. Sir Kalb Ali Khan died
in 1887 and was succeeded by Mushtak Ali, who only survived for two
years. The present Nawab, Hamid Ali Khan Bahadur, was a minor
at his accession; and the affairs of the State were administered by a
Council of Regency till 1896, when the Nawab was invested with full
powers. He holds the honorary rank of Major in His Majesty's army,
and was created G.C.I.E. in r9o8.
Rampur contains 6 towns and x,120 villages. Population increased
from 1872 to 1891, but fell in the next decade owing to unfavourable
Population. seasons. The numbers at the four enumerations were
as follows : (1872) 507,004, (1881) 541,914, (r891)
551,249, and (1901) 533,212. There are five tahsils-the HUZUR
or head-quarters, SHAHABAD, MILAK, BiLASPUR, and SUAR. The head-
quarters of the first are at Rampur city, the capital of the State, and
of the others at places which give their names to the tahsils. The
following table gives the chief statistics of population in 19or :-
Number of o a,a
;1 r o~v
ro v Y.., . ro
~ Z yoNS
E'o w° a V'57 w
~ QY m
Fluziir 176 1 244 178,333 1,013 ... ...
Shahabad 166 1 197 82,716 498 ...
Milak . 156 1 201 94,046 603 ... ...
Bilaspur 204 1 22,3 73,4. b0 360 ... ...
Suar 191 2 255 104,667 548 ... ...
State total 893 6 1,120 533,212 599 -' 10,o,^2
Hindus form 55 per cent. of the total and Musalmans 45 per cent.-
a much higher proportion than in any District of the United Provinces.
The density of population is high in the centre of the State, but
decreases in the north and south. The Hindustani dialect of Western
Hindi is the language in ordinary use.
Among Hindus the most numerous castes are : Chamars (tanners
and cultivators), 40,000 ; Lodhas (cultivators), 34,000; Kurmis (culti-