RA WALPINDI TO W1V 271
i88o-1, 7,603 in 1890-i, and 17,957' in 1903-4. In 1904-5 the
number of pupils in the District as now constituted was 12,227.
Education in Rawalpindi is making great strides. Five new high
schools have been opened since 1881, and two Anglo-vernacular
middle schools, besides an Arts college maintained by the American
Mission. The great advance made in female education is largely due
to' the exertions of the late Baba Sir Khem Singh Bedi, K.C.I.E., who
opened a number of schools for girls and undertook their manage-
ment. In 1904-5 the total expenditure on education in the Dis-
trict as now constituted amounted to i • i lakhs, of which District funds
contributed Rs. 18,ooo and municipal funds Rs. 14,ooo. Fees realized
Rs. 31,ooo, and the Provincial Government made grants amounting to
Besides the Rawalpindi civil hospital and two city branch dis-
pensaries, the District possesses three outlying dispensaries. At
these institutions during 1904 a total of 120,456 out-patients and
1,606 in-patients were treated, and 5,405 operations were performed.
The expenditure was RS. 21,000, of which municipal funds provided
Rs. 16,ooo. The Lady Roberts Home for invalid officers is situated
The number of successful vaccinations in 1903-4 was 12,546, repre-
senting 22-4 per i,ooo of the population. The Vaccination Act is in
force in Rawalpindi and Murree towns.
[F. A. Robertson, District Gazetteer (1895) ; Settlement Report
(1893) ; and Customary Law of the Rawalpindi District (1887).]
Rawalpindi Tahsil.-North-western tahsil of Rawalpindi District,
Punjab, lying between 33° i9' and 33° 5o' N. and 72° 34' and
73° 23' E., with an area of 764 square miles. The population in 19or
was a6r,ioi, compared with 243,141 in 1891. The tahsil contains
the town and cantonment of R9WALPIND1 (population, 87,688), the
head-quarters ; and 448 villages. The land revenue and cesses
in 1903-4 amounted to 2.6 lakhs. MANIKIALA and SHAHDHERi are
places of great archaeological interest. The Sohan river, which
crosses the tahsil from east to west, divides it into two distinct portions.
To the north lie the rich plains Kound Rawalpindi town, sloping up to
the outlying spurs of the Himalayas, which form the northern boun-
dary of the tahsil. To the south the country is cut up by torrent
beds and ravines into little plateaux, which vary in soil and character,
but resemble each other in difficulty of access.
Rawalpindi Town.-Head-quarters of the Division, District, and
tahsil of Rawalpindi, Punjab, situated in 33° 36' N. and 73° 7' E., on
the North-Western Railway and the grand trunk road, on the north
These include the figures for the three taksils of Attock, Fatahjang, and Pindi
Gheb, since transferred to Attock District.