in, adding the province to his territories. 'Finally, Rahmat Khan
agreed to carry out the treaty obligations which he had formerly core-'
tracted with Oudh, and the Marathas were driven across the Ganges
at Ramghat.. This danger being removedĄ Rahmat Khan failed to. pay
the subsidy due from him to the Nawab of Oudh. Later in the same
year, Warren Hastings came to Benares to discuss affairs with the
Nawab, who strongly pressed for British help. to crush the Rohillas.
While the Council at Calcutta hesitated, the Nawab made secret
alliances with Zabita Khan and Muzaffar Jang of Farrukhabdd, and
persuaded the emperor to approve by promising to share any territory
annexed. He then cleared the Marathas out of the Doab, and in 1774
obtained British troops to assist him against the Rohillas. The latter
were met between Miranpur Katra in Shshjahanpur and Fatehganj
East (in Bareilly District) in April, 1774, and were defeated after
a gallant resistance, Rahmat Khan being among the slain. This
expedition formed the subject of one of the charges, against Warren
Hastings, which was directed to show that his object was merely to
obtain money from the Nawab Wazir in return for help in acquiring
new territory. Cori'temporary documents prove clearly the necessity
for improving the western boundary of Oudh as a defence against the
Marathas, and the danger arising from this country being held by men
whose treachery had been manifested again and again. Faiz-ullah
Khan, the last remaining chief of the Rohi'1llas, received what now
forms the R MruR STATE, and Zabita Khan lost his possessions east
of the Ganges. In 1794 an insurrection broke out at Rdmpur, after
the death of Faiz-ullah Khan. : British troops were sent. to quell it, and
gained a victory at Fatehganj West. Seven years later, in igor, Robil-
khand formed part of the Ceded Provinces made over to the British
by the Nawab of Oudh.
The total population of Rohilkhand is nearly 6.2 millions. The
density approaches 5oo persons per square mile, and in Bareilly Dis-
trict exceeds 6oo. More than Q millions are Muhammadans, forming
28 per cent. of the total-a. proportion double that found in the
Provinces as a whole. Among Hindu castes may be.mentioned the
Jats, who are not found east of Rohilkhand in considerable numbers
the Ahars, who are akin to the Ahirs of other parts; and the Khagis
and Kisans, excellent cultivators resembling the Lodhas of the Dolb.
The Bishnoi sect has a larger number of adherents than elsewhere. .
[Elliot, History of India, passim ; Strachey, Hastings and the Rohill z
Rohisilla.=Petty State in KATHIAWAR, Bombay.
Rohri Subdivision.-Subdivision of Sukkur District, Sind, Bom-
bay, composed of the ROHM and GHOTKI talukas.
Rohri Taluka.-Zaluka of Sukkur District, Sind, Bombay, lying