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Imperial Gazetteer of India, v. 21, p. 310.


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310
ROJIRI'' TO WN
the reigning Kalhom prince, for the reception of a hair from. the beard
of Muhammad. This hair, to which' miraculous properties are ascribed
by the faithful, is set in amber, which again is enclosed in a gold case
studded with rubies and emeralds, the gift of Mir All Murld of
Khairpur. The relic is exposed to view every March, when the hair .
is believed by the devotees to rise and fall, and also to change colour;
Rohri has been administered as a municipality since 1855, and
the town has, , in consequence, greatly improved as regards both .
,health and appearance. The municipal income during the decade
ending rgoi averaged Rs. zi,6oo. In r9o3-4 it was Rs. a7,ooo. The
trade is principally in grain, oil, ght, salt, fuller's-earth, lime, and fruits.
Tasar silk is manufactured. Opposite to Rohri on the' Indus is the
small island of Khwaja Khizr, containing the shrine of a saint who is
revered alike by Muhammadans and Hindus.
Rohtak Dlstrict,-District in the Delhi.' Division of the Punjab,
lying between 28° i1' and zg° 17' N. and 76° 13' and 76° 58' E., on
the borders- of Rajputana, in the high level plain that separates the
waters of the Jumna and Sutlej, with an area of 1,7'97 square miles.
The eastern part falls within the borders of the tract formerly known
as Hariana. In its midst lies part of the small State of Dujana. It
is bounded on the north by the Jind niza-mat of Jind State, and
by Xarnal District; on the east by Delhi, and on-ahe south-east by
Gurgaon ; on the south by Pataudi State and the' Rewlri tahsil of
Gurgaon ; on the south-west by territory belonging to the Nawfib of
Dujana; and on the west by the Dadri nizimat ofjind and by Hissar
District. Although there is no grand scenery in Rohtak, the canals
with., their belts of trees, the lines of sand-hills, and; in the south
the torrents, the depressions which are flooded after
Physical heavy rain, and a few small rocky hills give the Die-
aspects.
trice more `diversified features than are generally met
with in- the plains of the Punjab. The eastern border lies low on the
level of the Jumna Canal and the Najafgarh.swairip, A few miles west ,
he surface rises gradually to a- level plateau, which, speaking roughly,
stretches as far as the,town of Rohtak, and is enclosed by parallel rows
of sandhills running north 'and south. Beyond the western line of
sandh lls the surface rises again till it ends on the Hissdr border iii
a third high ridge. The eastern line runs, with' here and there an
interval, down the east side of the District, and rises to some h.-,i~.ht in
the Jhajjar MAW, South-west of this ridge the country becomes more
undulating, .and the soil lighter. The south-eastern corner of the
District is crossed by two small streams or. torrents, the SAN and
Indori ; these flow circuitously, throwing oft a network of branches
and collecting here and there after heavy rainin jlvils of considerahe
size, and finally fall into the Najafgarh swamp.
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