320 ROHTAK DISTRICT
The settlement of the whole District was revised between 1873-and
1879. Rates on irrigated land varied from Rs. 2 to Rs. a-12, and on
unirrigated land from 5 annas to Rs. 1-9. Canal-irrigated land was, as ,
usual, assessed at a I dry' rate, plus owners' and occupiers' rates. The
result of the new assessment was an increase of 9"1 per cent. over the
previous demand. The demand.for 1903-4, including cesses, amounted
to nearly 1 r lakhs, The average size of a proprietary, holding is 5 acres.
The collections of land revenue alone and of total revenue are shown
below, in thousands of rupees:
1880-1. 1890-1. 1900-1. 1903-4..
Land revenue . 9,69 - 9,50 7,43 8,15
Total revenue. 1 , 11,38 IO,37 11,34
The District contains five municipalities; ROHTAK, BERI, JHAJJAR,;
BAHADURGARH, and GOHANA; and ten `notified areas,' of which the
most important are MAHAM, KALANAUR, MUNDLANA, and BUTA,NA:
Outside these, local affairs are managed by a District board, whose
income amounted in 1903-4 to Rs. r,a4,ooo. The expenditure in the
same, year was Rs. 1,22,000, the principal item being public works.
The regular police force consists of 433 of all ranks, including 63,
municipal: police, under a Superintendent, who is usually 4ssisted by,
a inspectors. Tim village watchmen number 702. The District has
1o police stations, 4 outposts, and 17 road-posts. Three trackers and-
three camel sowars now form part of the ordinary force. The District
jail at head-quarters has accommodation for 230 prisoners.
The standard of education is below the average, though some pro-,
gress has been made: Rohtak stands twenty-sixth among, the twenty-
eight Districts of the Punjab in respect of the literacy of its population.,
In rgor only 2•7 per cent. of the population (5 males. and o.r-females);
could read and write. The. number of pupils under instruction was.
2,396 in 1880-1, 3,380 in 18go-1, 5,097 in 1goo-1, and 5,824 in 1903-4-
In the last year the District possessed 9 secondary anel 65 primary,
(public) schools and 2 advanced and 42 elementary (private).schools,_
with 211 girls in the public and 8 in the private schools. The Anglo.
vernacular school at Rohtak town with 262 pupils is the only high
school. The other principal schools are two Anglo=vernacular middle
schools supported by the municipalities of Jbajjar and Gohana, and
6 vernacular middle schools. The total expenditure pn, education in
1903-4 was Rs. 44,000, chiefly derived from District funds; fees
provided nearly a third, and municipal funds and Provincial grants
between them a fifth, of the total expenditure.
Besides the Rohtak civil hospital, the District possesses five outlying
dispensaries. These in 190.4 treated a total of 54,714 out-patients and