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Imperial Gazetteer of India, v. 22, p. 105.


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.SARDHAA7A TO [47N
105
The total demand for rent and other dues in 1904 was i3 lakhs, while
the Government land revenue and cesses amounted to Rs. 53,000.
The head-quarters of the estate are at SARDHANA TowN. It belongs
to a family of Muswi Saiyids, who claim descent from Ali Musa' Raza,
the eighth Imam. These Saiyids resided at Paghman near Kabul, but
were expelled on account of services rendered to Sir Alexander Burnes
in his Kabul mission, and subsequently to the British in the retreat
from Kabul. A pension of Rs. i,ooo a month was given to the family,
which settled at Sardhana. During the Mutiny Saiyid Muhammad
Jan Fishan Khan, the head of the family, raised a body of horse and
did good service both in Meerut District and before Delhi. As
a reward the title of Nawab Bahadur, and confiscated estates assessed
at Rs. io,ooo per annum, were conferred on Jan Fishan Khan, with
concessions as to the revenue assessed. The, pension was also made
permanent. During the lifetime of the first Nawab, and for some
time after, the family added largely to the estate, but speculations
in indigo and personal extravagance caused losses. 'I'lie estate was
taken under the Court of Wards in 1895, and in igoi the debts,
amounting to io lakhs, were paid off by a loan from Government.
The present Nawab, Saiyid Ahmad Shah, and his two predecessors
were sons of Jan Fishan Khan, who died in 1864.
Sardhana Town. -Head-quarters of the tahsil of the same
name in Meerut District, United Provinces, situated in 29 9' N. and
7 38' E., on a metalled road 12 miles north-west of Meerut city and
6 miles from Sardhana station on the North-Western Railway. The
population rose from 12,059 in 1891 to 12,467 in igoi.
The place is now of small importance, but it was once famous as
the residence of the Begarn Sumru. According to tradition, the town
was founded by a Raja Sarkat, whose family ruled till their expulsion
by the Musalmans. The place became the property of Dhusars and
Bishnois, who were driven out by Tagas in the eighth century. Walter
Reinhardt, better known by the sobriquet of Sombre or Sumru, was
a butcher by profession, and a native of Luxemburg. He came to
India as a soldier in the French army, and deserting that service,
took employment with the British, where he attained the rank of
sergeant. Deserting again, he rejoined the French service at Chander-
nagore, and on the surrender of that settlement accompanied M. Law
in his wanderings throughout India from 1757 to z76o. In the
latter year Law's party joined the army of Shah Alam in Bengal,
and remained with the emperor until his final defeat near Gaya by
Colonel Carnac. Sumru next entered the service of Mir Kasim, by
whom he was employed to murder the English prisoners at Patna
(PATNA DISTRICT) in October, 1763. He succeeded in escaping into
Oudh, and afterwards served several native chiefs, until in 1777, he
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