SE TTU'R r 8 i
the neighbourhood are very fertile, and the population is -entirely
agricultural, Three miles distant is Pattamadai, where -mats of fine
texture are manufactured from reeds by a few Musalman families.
Serotij.-Pargana and town in Tonk State, Central India. See
Seshlichalam.-Mountain range in Cuddapah District, Madras.
Set Mahet.-A vast collection of ruins lying partly in the Gonda
and partly in the Bahraich District of Oudh, United Provinces, in
27° 31' N. and 8z° 1' E., on the south bank of the Rapti. The ruins
were examined by General Cunningham, and excavated more com-
pletely by Dr. W. Hoey in 1884-5. . They include two mounds, the
larger of which is known as Mahet and the smaller as Set or Sahet.
These cover the remains of an ancient city, with many temples and
other buildings. In the course of the excavations a number of interest-
ing sculptures and terra-cotta figures were found, specimens of which
are now in the Provincial Museum at Lucknow. A noteworthy inscrip-
tion, dated in 1176 or 1276 Samvat (A.D. 1119 or 1219), records the
survival of Buddhism to that date. For many years it was held that.
Set Mahet was the site of the ancient city of Sravasti. At the death
of Rama, according to the Hindu sacred writings, the northern part
of the kingdom of KOSALA was ruled by his son, Lava, from. this city.
Throughout the Buddhist period references to Sravasti are frequent,
and Gautama Buddha spent many periods of retreat in the Jetavana
garden there. When Fa Hian visited the place. in the fifth cen-
tury A. D., it was inhabited by only 200 families; and Hiuen Tsiang,
a couple of centuries later, found it completely deserted. The recent
discoveries of the approximate site of KAPILAVASTU increased doubts
which had been before felt as to the correctness of the identification,
and it has now been suggested.that Sravasti must be sought for on the
upper course of the Rapti within Nepal territory. The word Sravasti
occurs on the pedestal of an image dug up at Set Mahet ; but this fact
is not conclusive.
[A. Cunningham, Archaeological Survey Reports, vol. i, p. 3o, and vol.
xi, p. 78 ; W. Hoey, Journal, Asiatic Society of Bengal,, 1892, extra
number; V. A. Smith, ,journal, Royal Asiatic Society, 1898, p. 520,
and igoo, p. i ; J. Bloch, journal, Asiatic Society of Bengal, 1898,
p. 274; T. W. Rhys. Davids, Buddhist India, passim.]
Settur.-Chief town of the zamindari of the same name in the
south-west corner of the Srivilliputtur tdluk of Tinnevelly District,
Madras,' situated in 9° 24' N. and 77° 2o' E. , It is a Union, with
a population (igoi) of 14,328. The zaminddr is of the Maravan
caste, and is descended from an old family of poligdrs. ' The estate
is irrigated' by the streams flowing down from the Western Ghats.