208 SHAHJAHANPUR DISTRICT
There are three regular District Munsifs, and a scheme for village
Munsifs was introduced in 1894. The District Judge and Sub-Judge
exercise civil jurisdiction over the neighbouring District of Budaun ;
but the former hears sessions cases from Shahjahanpur alone. Crime
is heavy, the more serious forms of offences against life and limb,
with robbery and dacoity, being common. Female infanticide was
formerly suspected; but in 1904 only 154 persons remained under
At cession in i8oi the present area formed part of Bareilly; but a
separate District of Shahjahanpur was constituted in 1813-4. Early
settlements were for short periods, being based as usual on the previous
collections coupled with a system of competition. The first regular
settlement under Regulation IX of 1833 was carried out in 1838-9.
The District had been over-assessed, and considerable reductions,
amounting to about 12 per cent., were made, the demand being
fixed at 9.8 lakhs. Villages were grouped according to their capa-
bilities of soil and irrigation, and revenue rates fixed per acre of
cultivation. Another revision took place thirty years later, and the
new settlement was based on rates selected from the rents actually
paid, with some regard to prospective increases. The result was an
assessment of r i-8lakhs, which was subsequently reduced by Rs. i8,ooo.
The latest revision was made between 1896 and igoo. In this settle-
ment prospective increases in the rental value of villages were altogether
disregarded, except where the rents were found to be totally inadequate.
About four-fifths of the area assessed was held by tenants, cash rents
being paid in the greater part. The assessment amounted to 11-7 lakhs,
or 48-6 per cent. of the accepted `assets,' and the operations chiefly
resulted in a redistribution of the demand. The incidence per acre is
Rs. 1•2, varying from R. o•5 in the north of the District to Rs. 1.7 in
the fertile central tract.
The total collections on account of land revenue and revenue from
all sources have been, in thousands of rupees :-
I$go-I. 18go-~. lgoo-1. ~903 4.
Land revenue 11,20 11,09 13,91 11,53
Total revenue 16,87 19,92 25,8o 26,ot
There are two municipalities, SanHJnxnNPUR and TILHAR, and
four towns are administered under Act XX of 1856. Beyond the
limits of these places local affairs are managed by the District board,
which has an income and expenditure of more than a lakh. In 1903-4
the expenditure on roads and buildings amounted to Rs. 46,ooo.
The District Superintendent of police commands a force of 3 inspec-