The revenue history in pre-annexation times presents no special
features. A summary settlement was made in 1847 by the European
Political officers under the Regency. The kind rents of the Sikhs were
appraised and a reduction of io per cent. made, while all extra cesses
were abolished. This assessment worked well until the fall in prices
which followed annexation. Bad seasons and bad management aggra-
vated the distress, and even large remissions failed to prevent the
people from abandoning their holdings. In 1850 the Rechna Doab
settlement began, including the present Districts of Sialkot and Gujran.
wala, and the tahsils of Shakargarh and Shahdara. The demand of
the summary settlement was reduced from 15 lakhs to 13. Cesses
were also reimposed at the rate of 16 per cent. on the demand. The
settlement was revised in 1863-6, and a general reduction made, one-
sixth of the gross produce being assumed as the equivalent of half the
net `assets.' The initial demand was slightly over 12 lakhs, and the
ultimate demand 12" lakhs. The sanctioned theoretical rates at the
next revision (1888-93) indicated a revenue of 183 lakhs, but the actual
demand .was 15 lakhs, an increase of 21 per cent. The average assess-
ment on `dry' land is Rs. 1-4-6 (maximum Ks. 1-14, minimum
R. o-11), and on `wet' land RS. 2-o-6 (maximum Rs. 3, minimum
Rs. r-1). The demand in 1903-4, including cesses, was over 17•3
laklls. The average size of a proprietary holding is 7.6 acres.
The collections oŁ land revenue alone and of total revenue arc
shown below, in thousands of
rupees:- M0-i. 1890-1. .....1900_1.
The District contains seven municipalities, SInLKoa', DASKA-Cum-Kot
Daska, JAMKI, PASRIIR, KILA SOBHA SINGH, ZAFARWAL, and NARO-
WAL; and nine ',notified areas.' Outside these, local affairs are
managed by the District board, whose income, mainly derived from
a. local rate, amounted in 1903-4 to 1-8 lakhs. The expenditure was
also 1•8 lakhs, hospitals, schools, and public works forming the chief
items. Sialkot is one of the few Districts in the Punjab in which local
boards have answered expectations.
The regular police force consists of 576 of all ranks, including
59 cantonment and 146 municipal police, in charge of a Superinten-
dent, who usually has 6 inspectors under him. The village watchmen
number 2,149. There are 17 police stations. The District jail at
Sialkot town has accommodation for 482 prisoners.
Sialkot stands twenty-third among the twenty-eight Districts of
the -Punjab in respect of the literacy of its population. In 19ol tile