80 SON CANALS
lakhs and the working expenses to 538 lakhs. The capital outlay up
to March 3r, rgo4, was z6q lakhs. The main canals are navigable,
and the estimated value of cargo carried in rgoz-3 was roz lakhs ;
R:;. rq,ooo was realized as navigation tolls in that year and Rs. z3,ooo
Sonāgir.-Hill in the Datiā State, Central India, situated in z5° 44'
N. and q8° z5' E., 5 miles from the town of Datiā. It consists of
a small ridge of gneiss, on the summit and slopes of which more than
a hundred Jain temples have been erected. Seen from a distance,
the hill presents a picturesque appearance, with its numerous shrines
perched amid great crags of granitic rock; but closer examination leads
to disillusion. The structures are all of the degraded modern type,
none as it stands dating back farther than the end of the seventeenth
century. They are all built of brick with inelegant white stucco rect-
angular bodies, bulbous ribbed Muhammadan domes, and pine-cone
spires, the doors and windows ornamented with the foliated Muham
madan arch and curved Bengali eave and roof. They lack entirely the
purity and homogeneity of older temples, and are disappointing.
Son~,h.-Town in the District and tahsil of Gurgaon, Punjab. See
Sonai River.-River of Assam, which rises in the Lushai Hills
and, after a tortuous northerly course of 6o miles through Cāchār Dis-
trict, falls into the Barāk. As far as Maniārkh~l it flows through jungle
land, but in the lower part of its course its banks are fringed with
villages. The most important of these are Palanghāt and Sonaimukh.
Boats of 4 tons burden can proceed as far as Maniārkhāl during the
rains, but the river is not largely used as a trade route.
Sonai Village.-Village in the Nevāsa tāluka of Ahmadnagar Dis-
trict, Bombay, situated in rq° z3' N. and q4° 4q' E., about z4 miles
north-by-east of Ahmadnagar city. Population (r9or), 5,393 Sonai
is a busy market, surrounded by a rich plain, and divided by a water-
course into the peth occupied by merchants and the kasha or agricul
tural quarter. It contains an American Mission church built in r86r.
Sonair.-Town in Nāgpur District, Central Provinces. See SAONER.
Sonāmganj.-Subdivision of Sylhet District, Eastern Bengal and
Assam. See SUNAMGANJ.
Sonāmukhi.-Town in the Fishnupur subdivision of Bānkurā
District, Bengal, situated in z3° rq' N. and 8q° 36' E. Population
(rgor), x3,448. Sonāmukhļ was formerly the site of a commercial
residency and of an important factory of the East India Company,
wkiere weavers were employed in cotton-spinning and cloth-making. It
is now the local centre of the shellac industry. It lies on the road
between Bishnupur and Pānāgarh station on the East Indian Railway.
It was constituted a municipality in x886. 'l'he income during the