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Imperial Gazetteer of India, v. 23, p. 214.


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214
Tf1I,IK0 TĀ
Tālikotā.-Town in ' the Muddebihāl ticéûka of Bijâpur District,
Bombay, situated in r6°'' z8' N. and q6° ry' E. Population (r9or),
6,6ro. There is a local'~,industry in superior carpets or jâjanzs. The
celebrated battle of Tālikotā was fought on the right bank of the
Kistna, about 3o miles south of the town, on January z3, r565, in
which the power of the Hindu empire of Vījayrnagar was destroyed by
a confederacy of the Mus'almān Sultāns of the Deccan. The battle was
named after Tālikotā, as it was the place from which the allies marched
to meet the Vijayanagar army. About rg5o the third Peshwā gave the
town as a saran~âna estate to his wife's brother, Rāstia, who built the
markets called Anandrao'and hailās Pyati. C1n the fall of the Peshwā
in r8r8, Rāstia made Tālikotā his head-quarters and built the present
mansion, two mosques, i~,nd a temple of Siva.. The Jāma Masjid is
a ruined building with Ja n pillars. A modern mosque is called Punch
Pīr, as it contains five tombs said to belong to five officers of the Delhi
army. The tombs are venerated by both Hindus and Musalmāns, the
Hindus referring them t~ the Pāndavas, probably on account of their
number. The temple of'Siva is old, and contains a Zin~am and some
Jain images. Slates are found in the bed of the rivera
Taliparamba.-Town} in the Chirakkal tâluk of Malabar District,
Madras, situated in rz° 3'i,N. and q5° zz' E. Population (r9or), q,84q.
It contains a sub-magistrate's and District Munsif s court, and a brass-
roofed temple which is ox e of the best in the T>istrict.
Taloda Tāluka.-Tâ,luka of West Khāndesh District, Bombay,
lying between zr° 30' and zz° z' N. and q3° ~į8' and 74° 3z' E., with
an area of r, z q q square miles. It contains one town, TALODA (popula-
tion, 6,sgz), the head-quarters; and r93 villa€;es. The population in
r 9o r was 33,88 r, compa red with 56, q q5 in r 89 r. The decrease is
due to emigration to neighbouring States, scarcity of water, and the
prevalence of a virulent type of cholera during the last famine. This is
one of the most thinly populated tâlukas in the District, with a density
of only z9 persons per Square mile, the District average being r4z.
~'he demand in r9o3-4 fdr land revenue was r~r lakhs, and for cesses
R >. 8,000. Taloda includes six petty Mehwâs estates, and is situated
in the extreme north-west of the District. The most striking natural
feature is the bold outline's, of the towering Sātpurās stretching from east
to west, with a belt of thick forest infested by wild beasts along their
foot. The prevailing soil!,is rich black loam. Where the land is tilled
and open, the climate is riot unhealthy ; but iu the villages along the
base of the Sātpurās and in the west it is extremely malarious, and,
except during April and' May, unsafe for Europeans. The annual
rainfall averages about 3o',inches.
Taloda Town.-Head-quarters of the Taloda tâluka of West Khân-
desh District, Bombay, situated in zr° 34 N. and 74° r3' E., 6z miles
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