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Imperial Gazetteer of India, v. 23, p. 266.


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z66 TAT~OY DISTRICT
in rg˘o-i ; and 6,g48 in rgo3-4, including r,3z5 girls. There were
6 sÚcondary, 63 primary, and i6g elementary (private) schools in the
last year. The total cost of education in ,tgo3-4 was Rs. i6,goo,
towards which the Tavoy municipality contributed Rs. 3,000, the
District cess fund Rs. 5,000, and Provincial funds Rs. 4,zoo. The
American Baptist Mission has an Anglo-vernacular school for Karen
boys and girls.
The only hospital is at 'i'avoy town, in which zo,66r cases were
treated in tgo3, including 4g6 in-patients, and 48q operations were
performed. It has 35 beds, and its income is derived almost entirely
from municipal funds, which contributed Rs. 4,50o in rgo3.
Vaccination is compulsory only within the limits of the Tavoy
municipality. In rgo3-~. the number of persons successfully vacci-
nated was x3,754, representing rz5 per r,ooo of population.
Tavoy Township.-':1 ownship of Tavoy District, Lower Burma,
lying between t 3░ z 8' and r 4░ r 8' N. and 98░ r t' and gg░ r z' E., with an
area of z,34o square miles. The population was z5,g6o in t8gr, and
33~8r8 in tgor. In the latter year it contained one town, TnvoY
(population, zz,3gt), the head-quarters of the District and township;
and 64 villages. It was then known as the Central township. The
only place of importance besides Tavoy is Myitta (population, 533), in
the north-east, near the Siamese border, where there is a station for
registering the trade between Burma and Siam. Except for a strip of
plain laud in the west irl the valley of the Tavoy river, the township
is a mass of forest-clad 'hills. Between a third and a fourth of the
inhabitants outside the limits of Tavoy municipality are Karens, who
inhabit the hill areas in the east. The area cultivated in rgo3-4 was
27 square miles, paying Rs. 33,000 land revenue.
Tavoy Town; Head-quarters of the District of the same nameĽin
Lower Burma, situated io t4░ 5' N. and y8░ hz' E., on the left bank
of the Tavoy river, 3o miles north of its mouth and 7 from the sea=
coast on the west, from Which both town and river are separated by
a low range of hills. The town is low-lying, and all except the central
portion is liable to be floNded at high tides. On the west it is flamked
by the river, and towards the south-west rice- and timber-mills extend
from the centre of the town along the bank for a distance of about
z miles. To the north and south stretches the valley of the Tavoy
river ; to the east a narrow strip of plain land separates the urban area
from the outlying spurs of the hill system, of which the Nwalabo peak
is a prominent feature. Tavoy is well laid out, with three train
thoroughfares pÔrallel to the river. All the Government buildings are
in the centre, except the jail and military police barracks, which
are situated on higher ground to the east. T.he town is well wooded
throughout ,and abounds in gardens. The houses of the people are
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