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Imperial Gazetteer of India, v. 23, p. 354.


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354
THAYETMYO DLSTRICT
the number of persons successfully vaccinated was 15,461, represent-
ing 65 per r,ooo of population.
[Colonel H. Browne, Statistical and Historical Acrount of the Tha-
yetmyo District (1873) ; W. V. Wallace, Settlement Report (r902).]
Thayetmyo Subdivision.--Subdivision of Thayetmyo District,
Burma, consisting of the THAYETMYO, MINDON, and KAMA town-
ships.
Thayetmyo Township.-Township of Thayetmyo District, Burma,
lying between 19° 15' and 19° 3o' N. and 94° 48' and 95° 13' E., on
the western bank of the Irrawaddy, with an area of 192 square miles.
The population was 41,651 in 1891, and 37,599 1n 1go1. The decrease
took place only in Thayetmyo cantonment, and in the rural areas of
the, township, while the inhabitants of the Thayetmyo municipality
increased during the decade. The township contains 106 villages and
one town, THAYETMYO (population, 15,824), the head-quarters of the
District and township. Outside the limits of the town the inhabitants
are almost wholly Burmese-speaking. The area cultivated in 1903-4
was 25 square miles, paying Rs. 1g,ooo land revenue.
Thayetmyo Town.-Head-quarters of Thayetmyo District, Burma,
situated in rg° 2o' N. and 95° 12' E., in the centre of an undulating
plain on the right bank of the Irrawaddy, about r 1 miles south of the
old frontier between Upper and Lower Burma, and immediately oppo-
site the town of Allanmyo, with which it is connected by a launch ferry.
The name Thayetmyo in its present form means `mango city' (thayet
= `mango') ; but this is said to be a corruption of Thatyet-ntyo (' city
of slaughter'), a name given to the town to commemorate the murder
of his sons by a ruler of olden days, who feared they would rebel on
attaining manhood. The town is said to have been founded about
1306 by a son of the last king of Pagan, and contains one of the Shwe-
moktaw pagodas which is alleged to have been erected by Asoka but
is not the repository of any antiquities. On the annexation of Pegu
the town contained only 200 or 3oo houses, but it rapidly grew after
becoming a military station. During the ten years ending rgol the
population fell from 17,101 to 15,824, partly owing to the decrease
of the garrison, which now consists of the head-quarters and wing of
a British regiment and a Native regiment. The cantonment, which
occupies a well-timbered area close to the river bank, contains a fine
set of barracks, built in 1854. The small fort north of the cantonment
is now used as a military prison. The station is one of the healthiest
in :India for British troops, the death-rate in lgor being only 2-1 per
1,ooo. In April and May the heat is very great, and the glare off
the sandbanks that extend along the river face adds considerably to
the discomfort of the residents. At this season the surroundings of the
station have a very dried-up and parched appearance, but with the rains
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