380 TINNEVELLY TOWN
• tant and the water-supply is inadequate. A scheme for furnishing
both Tinnevelly and Palamcottah with drinking-water from the
Tambraparni has long been under consideration, but financial and
-other difficulties have prevented it from being matured. The drain-
age of the town is also faulty. A proposal has recently been made
to combine the two municipalities, in order to facilitate the under-
taking of large public works for their common benefit. There are
two second-grade colleges for boys in the town, one of which, the
Hindu College, is managed by a local committee, while the other
is maintained by the Church Missionary Society. An industrial
school is kept up by the District board. Near the Tinnevelly rail-
way station are the jaggery (coarse sugar) warehouses of a European
firm, from which jaggery is sent by rail to their distillery and sugar
factory at Nellikuppam ; and two sugar factories under native manage
ment. The latter, however, owing to financial embarrassments, are not
at present working, There is also some timber trade in the town, the
wood being brought down from Shencottah in Travancore.
Tinsukia.-Village in the Dibrugarh subdivision of Lakhimpur
District, Eastern Bengal and Assam, situated in 2q° 29' N. and
95' 21' E. It contains a dispensary, and the weekly market is
attended by large numbers of coolies from the tea gardens in the
neighbourhood. Tinsukia is rapidly increasing in importance, as it
is the junction of the Assam-Bengal and Dibru-Sadiya Railways.
Tippera State.-Native State in Eastern Bengal and Assam. See
Tippera (Tri.purd).-District in the Chittagong Division of Eastern
Bengal and Assam, lying between 23° z' and 24° r6' N. and 90° 34'
and 9r° 22' E., with an area of 2,499 square miles. It is bounded on
the north-west by the Districts of Dacca and Mymensingh; on the
north-east by Sylhet ; on the east by the State of Hill Tippera ; on
the south by Noakhali ; and on the west by the river Meghna, which
separates it from Farldpur, Dacca, and Mymensingh.
Tippera is a level alluvial plain broken only by the isolated IAlmai
hills, 5 miles west of Comilla, which rise to a height of 40 to roo feet.
It is well cultivated and is intersected in all direc-
Physical tions by rivers, which in the south and west are tidal.
aspects. To the east the country undulates, and runs into the
series of low forest-clad hills which form the most westerly of the Hill
Tippera ranges. The west is inundated during the rains. The drain-
age passes west and south-west across the District from the watershed
in Hill Tippera, and finds an exit either in the Meghna or in the Bay
of Bengal. The MEGHNA sweeps past the western border, a noble
estuary some 4 miles in breadth ; the other important rivers are the
Gumti, Dakatia, and Titas. The Gumtl rises in Hill Tippera, and