4o6 TOGA-KAKAR RANGE
wind-swept plains is intense. They are covered thickly with the small
bushy plant called southernwood (Artemisia). Little timber is to
be seen. Bosomed in the Kand mountain is one of the most
picturesque glens in Baluchistan, called Kamchughai. Across the
Khwaja Amran offshoot lies the Khojak Pass. Another important
pass in the Khwaja Amran is the Ghwazha. The most interesting
feature of the geology of the range is the continuation of the Great
Boundary Fault of the Himalayas which runs along it. The upper
strata consist of flysch, known to geologists as Khojak shales, beneath
which lies a conglomerated mass of shaly bands and massive limestone.
Intrusions of serpentine, containing chrome ore and asbestos, also occur.
Toba Tek Singh.-Tahsil of the new Lyallpur District, Punjab,
lying between 30° 5o' and 31° 23' N. and 72° 2o' and 72° 54' E.,
with an area of 865 square miles. The population in 19o6 was
148,984. It contains 342 villages, including Toba Tek Singh (popu-
lation, 1,874), the head-quarters, and GOJRA (2,589), an important
grain market on the Wazirabad-Khanewal branch of the North-Western
Railway. The land revenue and cesses in 1905-6 amounted to q..7
lakhs. The tahsil consists of a level plain, wholly irrigated by the
Chenab Canal. The soil, which is very fertile in the east of the tahsil,
becomes sandy towards the west. The boundaries of the tahsil were
somewhat modified at the time of the formation of the new District
Tochi River (or Gambila).-River in the North-West Frontier
Province, which rises in Afghanistan and flows through the Northern
Waziristan Agency and Bannu District. Its course through Northern
Waziristan is due east, through the valley of Upper and Lower Daur.
Thence it debouches on the Bannu plain and, running south-east
for most of its course, curves eastward again and falls into the Kurram,
east of Lakki. It irrigates considerable areas in both Daur and Bannu
District; but owing to the increase in cultivation in Daur since the
British occupation of the valley in 1895, there has been a great decline
in the Bannu irrigation. The total length of the river is between loo
and 150 miles.
Toda Bhim.-Head-quarters of the tahsil of the same name in the
Hindaun nizamat of the State of Jaipur, Rajputana, situated in
26° 55' N. and 76° 49' E., about 62 miles east of Jaipur city. Popula
tion (rgor), 6,629. The town contains 8 schools which, in 1904, were
attended by 135 boys.
Toda Todi.-Petty State in KATHIAWAR, Bombay.
Tohana Sub-tahsll.-Sub-tahsil of the Fatahabad tahsil of Hissar
District, Punjab, with an area of 450 square miles. It contains 117
villages, and the land revenue and cesses in 1903-4 amounted to
Rs.86,ooo. TOHANA is the head-quarters.