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Imperial Gazetteer of India, v. 24, p. 25.


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TRICHINOPOLY DISTRICT 25
of rice and 47 square miles of rabi crops. The estimated cost, including
indirect charges, is 51ly lakhs.
Tribeni Village (` Three streams').-Village in the head-quarters
subdivision of Hooghly District, Bengal, situated in 22° 59' N. and 88°
26' E., and now included within the Bânsbaria municipality and con-
nected with Magra by a branch of the Bengal Provincial Railway. It
derives its name from its situation at the junction of the Ganges or
Hooghly, the Saraswati, and the Jamunâ. The last-named stream
flows into the Hooghly on its left bank, opposite the southern extremity
of an extensive island in the middle of the river facing Tribeni. North
of the Saraswati is the Tribeni ghdt, a magnificent flight of steps
attributed to Mukund Deo, the last of the Gajapati kings of Orissa,
1559-68. South of the ghdt lies the village of Tribeni, which is con-
sidered to possess great sanctity. The Rev. Mr. Long, in an article in
the Calcutta Review published many years ago, says that Tribeni was
one of the four great centres of Hindu learning, the others being
Nabadwip, S.ntipur, and Guptipara. Tribeni formerly contained over
thirty Sanskrit schools and it was also once noted for its trade.
South of Tribeni village stands a famous mosque, built with materials
obtained from an older Hindu temple, which contains the tomb of
Jafar Khan, described by the late Professor Blochmann in the journal
of the Asiatic Society of Bengal, vol. xxxix, part i, for 1870, p. 282.
The principal Hindu festivals held at Tribeni are the following
Makara Sankranti or Uttarâyan, the day on which the sun enters
Capricorn, takes place in January on the last day of the Hindu month
of Paus and the first day of the succeeding month of Mâgh. The
great bathing festival on Sagar Island is held at this time, and a mela
or fair at Tribeni, which is attended by about 8,ooo persons; Bisuva
Sankrânti, held in honour of the Sun at the time of the vernal equinox,
falling in February ; Bâruni, the great bathing festival of Bengal, in
honour of Varuna, the god of the waters, held in February or March ;
Dasaharâ,, held in June, in commemoration of the descent of the
goddess Gangâ from heaven, to save the souls of the 6o,ooo sons of
king Sagar, who were reduced to ashes for the crime of assaulting
a Brahman sage ; Kartik Pfljâ, held in November, in honour of
Kartikeya, son of the goddess Durga. All these gatherings form
occasions for trade.
Trichendoor.-Town in Tinnevelly District, Madras. See TIRU-

CHENDUR.
Triehengode.-Tdluk and town in Salem District, Madras. See
TIRUCHENGODU.
Trichinopoly District.-An inland District in the south of the
Madras Presidency, lying between ro 16' and 11° 32' N. and 78° 8'
and 79° 3o' E., with an area Of 3,632 square miles. It takes its name
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