performed. The expenditure was Rs. 71,000, of which Rs. 12,000
was met from Government contributions, RS. 20,000 from Local and
Rs. 22,000 from municipal funds, and Rs. 7,000 from subscriptions.
Vaccination is compulsory only within municipal areas. In 1903-4
the number of persons successfully vaccinated was 62,ooo, representing
30 per i,ooo of the population.
[Sir W. W. Hunter, Statistical Account of Bengal, vol. i (1875).]
Tyâga Durgam.-A small fortified hill in the Kallakurchi tâluk
of South Arcot District, Madras, situated in 11° 45' N. and 79° 5' E.,
about 7 miles east of Kallakurchi town, at the intersection of the old
road from Arcot to Trichinopoly with the road from Salem to Cudda.
lore. Its position on these main routes made it formerly of great
strategical importance, and it was regularly fortified and garrisoned.
Like the fortress of Tiruvannâmalai, it formed one of the bulwarks of
the District against invasion from the west, and was the scene of much
hard fighting in the Carnatic Wars. Between 1757 and 1780 it was
regularly invested five times and blockaded once, and it repeatedly
changed hands between the English, the French, and the Mysore ruler.
It formed the rendezvous of Haidar's troops before joining Lally at
Pondicherry, and here they again collected when retreating before
Coote. In 1790 Captain Flint repulsed the attack made on the town
by Tip. The hill consists of two knolls or bosses, at the foot of one
of which is a pool of excellent water under an overhanging rock
partly surrounded by a low masonry wall. This water is said never
to go dry, and during the exceptionally rainless season of 1876 there
was a good supply in it when drinking-water was difficult to get in the
village below. The village, which is built round the hill, is known by
the same name. It is a Union under the Local Boards Act, with
a population (1901) of 4,125.
Tyâlnagondal.-Town in the Nelamangala Nluk of Bangalore
District, Mysore, situated in 13° r2' N. and 77° 18' E., 2 miles from
Dodbele railway station. Population (1901), 4,099. The town grew
to its present dimensions owing to the settlement here of inhabitants
who deserted Nijagal, a few miles to the north-west. It contains
many merchants and traders in grain. The municipality dates
from 1870. The receipts and expenditure during the ten years
ending 1901 averaged Rs. 2,300. In 1903-4 they were Rs. 2,700
and RS. 2,000.
Ubauro.-Tdluka of Sukkur District, Sind, Bombay, lying between
27° 48' and 28° 26' N. and 69° 36' and 70° 14' E., with an area of 466
square miles. The population rose from 40,923 in 1891 to 43,098
in 1901. The tdluka contains 79 villages, of which Ubauro is the head-
quarters. The density approximates to the District average. Land
revenue and cesses amounted in 1903-4 to about 2 lakhs. The tdluka