i o6 UDAI YARPALAI YAN T0 1117N
to ro per cent. of the gross revenue, required him to pay a nominal
peshkash of Rs. 640, and gave him a sanad (title-deed). The zanainddri
has recently been declared impartible.
The palace of the Udaiyarpalaiyam zaminddr is a remarkable
building. It is very dilapidated in parts, and some incongruous new
portions have been added ; but even with these defects it contains
decorative work which has been thought to be among the finest in
Southern India. It looks like work of the seventeenth century, is
executed in rather soft stone, and was probably designed under
Muhammadan influence. There is a polygonal watch-tower and some
balustrade work on the outside ; but the interior is the finest part.
One of the big halls is in general design something after the fashion
of Tirumala Naik's famous hall in Madura ; but the spandrels of the
arches are one mass of carving of birds, flowers, &c., showing fancy
and spirit, while the arches themselves are worked out in tracery, with
a niche above each column containing some god or saint. Above the
level of the spandrels is a deep colonnade running round the whole
hall, corresponding to the clerestory of an English cathedral, also one
mass of spirited carving in relief. Some equally fine woodwork is said
to exist within the palace. The building deserves careful study from
an historical and architectural point of view.
Udalguri.--Village in the Mangaldai subdivision of Darrang Dis-
trict, Eastern Bengal and Assam, situated in z6° 46' N. and 9a° 7' E.,
near the foot of the Himalayas. A fair is held here during the cold
season, which is attended by the inhabitants of Towang, a province
subject to Lhasa. The principal articles imported are ponies, sheep,
blankets, salt, and yaks' tails. The chief exports are rice, cotton and
silk cloths, and brass utensils. The head-quarters of the hillmen are
at Amratol, which is picturesquely situated in the gorge of the Dhansiri
river, about 6 miles beyond the frontier. A darbdr is held at Udalguri
in the winter, when the Tibetan officials, known as Gelengs, are
presented with the posa allowed them by the British Government.
The effect is very picturesque, as the hillmen are attired in rich
costumes of Chinese pattern, and are attended by crowds of quaintly-
dressed retainers mounted on shaggy ponies. The fort at Udalguri
is garrisoned in the cold season by 46 officers and men of the
Lakhimpur military police battalion.
Udamalpet Taluk.-South-western tdluk of Coimbatore District,
Madras, lying between io° 16' and 10° 48' N. and 77' 3' and 770 25' E.,
with an area of 566 square miles. It contains one town, UDAMALPET
(population, 10,503), the head-quarters ; and 86 villages. The popula-
tion rose from 139,430 in 1891 to 150,480 in 19or. The unusually
high proportion of 3 per cent. are Muhammadans, who are better
educated than in any other tdluk in the District except Coimbatore.