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Imperial Gazetteer of India, v. 24, p. 109.

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stone hill, and the numerous Buddhist remains in the neighbourhood.
The hill lies from north-west to south-east, and is about three-quarters
of a mile long, rising to a height of 350 feet above the plain. Some of
the numerous caves contain records, dated and undated, of considerable
historical importance. The finest in the series are those numbered
3) 4, 9, and io in the Survey Report quoted below.
The third cave, which measures about 14 feet by 12 feet, has a finely
ornamented doorway, and formerly possessed a structural portico; in
a small adjoining room behind the portico is a representation of the
Ashtamatri or 'eight female energies.' Cave No. 4 is remarkable for
a colossal representation of the Varaha Avatar, the third incarnation of
Vishnu, in which he is, as usual, represented raising the earth out of
the engulfing waters. The descent of the Ganges and the Jumna are
also depicted here. The best cave is perhaps the ninth, measuring
22 feet by 19 feet, with a roof supported by four massive pillars with
richly carved capitals. The remains of a fine portico stand before it.
The only Jain cave on the hill (No. 1o) is dedicated to the twenty-third
Tirthankar, Parasnath. The main excavation, which is 5o feet by 16
feet, is divided into five compartments, the southernmost room being
again subdivided into three. Numerous Buddhist relics have been
found, both on the hill and in the country round it, including a mono-
lithic pillar, a lion capital, a large stone trough, and other smaller
remains. The records are interesting, as giving the date of the con-
quest of Malwa and Gujarat by Chandra Gupta II of Magadha. Of
the other records, one in the Jain cave is dated in A.D. 425-6 and
another in 1037-

[A. Cunningham, Archaeological Survey Reports, vol. x, p. 46 ; Corpus
Inscriptionum Indicarum, vol. iii, pp. 21, 34, and 259 ; Indian Anti-
quary, vol. xviii, p. 185 ; vol. xiv, p. 61.]
Udayagiri Hill (I Sunrise hill') (1).-One of the peaks of the Assia
range in the Jajpur subdivision of Cuttack District, Bengal, situated in
20 39' N. and 86 15' E., so called from its being the most easterly
of the hills in that District. The hill is in the form of an amphi-
theatre, and in the centre are some Buddhist remains. Here stood a
temple consisting of three parts: a sanctuary containing a colossal
image of Buddha in a sitting and meditative posture, a porch now in
ruins, and a brick wall encircling the temple with a gate facing the east.
The image, which is now buried up to the breast, seems with the
pedestal to be about ro feet high. North of the temple are two well-
carved images of Bodhisattva, and farther north two more images of
Bodhisattva have recently been found. To the west of the temple is
a well; and at the entrance to the amphitheatre is a large image of the
two-handed Padmapani Bodhisattva, cut out of a single gneiss slab
standing on a pedestal, in all about 8 feet high.
H 2
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