130 UNAO TO HIN
remain. On July 29, 1857, a battle was fought between Havelock's
forces and the mutineers, who were defeated with loss. Unao con-
tains a branch of the American Methodist Mission, and besides the
usual public offices has male and female dispensaries. It has been
administered as a municipality since 1869. During the ten years ending
rgo1 the income and expenditure averaged Rs. 7,000. In 1903-4
the income was Rs. i2,ooo, chiefly from a house tax and a tax on
professions and trades (Rs. 6,ooo) ; and the expenditure was Rs. 16, coo.
There is a thriving local trade, but no manufactures. Five schools
are maintained with 3oo boys, besides a girls' school with 6 pupils.
Unchahra (Unchahera).-Old town in Nagod State, Central India,
situated in 24° 23' N. and 80' 48' E„ 20 miles south-east of Nagod
village, on the East Indian Railway. Population (1901), 3,785. The
town is said to have been founded in 1489 on the site of a settle-
ment belonging to the Teli Rajas, whose chief towns were Khoh and
Naro. The district round Unchahra is called Barme or Varmai, a
name which is said to be anterior to the Parihar invasion, though
nothing is now known either of the origin of the name or of the
former extent of the region. There are no ancient remains which
can be assigned to a period before the ninth or tenth century. Up
to 1720 this was the capital of Nagod State.
[A. Cunningham, Archaeological Survey Report, vols. viii, ix, xxi.]
Und (Hind, Ohind, Waihind).-Village in the North-West Frontier
Province, situated in 34° 2' N. and 72° 27' E., 15 miles above Attock,
on the west bank of the Indus, ;just beyond the north-east corner of
Peshawar District. It marks the site of the ancient Indian Udaka or
Uda-bhandapura, the U-to-kia-han-ch'a of the Chinese pilgrim Hiuen
Tsiang, once the capital of the Turki and Hindu Shahi dynasties,
which ruled the Kabul valley and Gandhara immediately before the
Muhammadan invasion. Hiuen Tsiang in the seventh century A. D.
describes it as a rich city, 4 miles in circumference. The hard-won
victory by which Mahmud of Ghazni opened his way into the Punjab
was fought before Waihind, the name by which the place was known
to Albiruni and the Muhammadan historians. It remained a place
of some importance after this event, for Govinda-khana, ruler of the
Indus region and Gandhara, was expelled from it by Shahdb-ud-din,
king of Kashmir, in the fourteenth century.
Undavalle.-Village in the Guntur taluh of Guntur District, Madras,
situated in 16° 3o' N. and 80° 35' E. Population (igo1), 1,123.
It is chiefly famous for the numerous rock-cut shrines and mantapams
which stand upon the hill beside it. The largest of these is a four-
storeyed temple, with galleries and rudely sculptured figures, dedicated
to Anantasayana, or Vishnu sleeping on the serpent, a colossal sculpture
of whom is to be seen in the third storey. The caves are undoubtedly