UPPER SIND FRONTIER DISTRICT 277
Uparghat.-Table-land in the east of the Jashpur State, Central
Provinces, lying between 22° 49' and 23° o' N. and 84° 1o' and
84 22' E. On the Ranch! side it attains an average elevation of
2,200 feet above the sea, and is fringed by hills which in places rise
a thousand feet higher. Approached from the east, the Uparghat
blends with, and forms an integral part of, the plateau of Chota
Nagpur proper ; while on the west it springs from the lowland region
known as the Hetghat in a scarped, fortress-like wall, buttressed here
and there by projecting masses of rock. On this side the passes are
extremely difficult, being unsafe for horsemen and utterly inaccessible
by wheeled traffic. The Uparghat again is divided by a slight
depression from the still loftier plateau of Khuria, which occupies the
north-western corner of the State.
Uparwara.-Thakurdt in the MALWA AGENCY, Central India.
Upleta: Town in the State of Gondal, Kathiawar, Bombay,
situated in 21° 44' N. and 70°° 2o' E., on the western bank of the
river Moj, and 1g miles north-west of Junagarh. 'Population (rgoi),
9,429. Upleta is a wealthy town, second only to Dhoraj! and Gondal
in the Gondal State, and has a darbar palace. The town is connected
with Dhoraji by a good made road. It also has a railway station on
the Bhavnagar-Gondal-Junagarh-Porbandar Railway.
Upmaka.-Village in the Sarvasiddhi tdluk of Vizagapatam District,
Madras, situated in 17' 24' N. and 82' 43' E. A very ancient temple
stands here which contains no image, only the conch and discus of
Vishnu being figured on the stone within the shrine. The yearly
marriage of the god attracts great numbers of pilgrims in March.
At the Census of rgol there were 5,536 persons in the village, but
more than 3,000 of them were pilgrims.
Upper Sind Frontier District.-District forming the northern-
most portion of the province of Sind, Bombay, and lying between
27° 56' and 28' 27' N. and 68' and 6g° 44' E., with an area of 2,621
square miles. It is bounded on the north and west by the Dera Ghazi
Khan District of the Punjab and by Baluchistan ; on the south by
Sukkur District; and on the east by the river Indus.
The District consists of a narrow strip of level plain covered in parts
with dense jungle, which, prior to the construction of the Kashmor
embankment in 1879-8o, was exposed to annual
inundations. The embankment now keeps out the physical
flood-water, and cultivation is general. The greatest
length from east to west is 114 miles, and the maximum breadth from
north to south 20 miles. The land itself lies from 170 to 273 feet
above sea-level, being highest on its eastern side near the river Indus,
whence it slopes downwards to the west. The south-east extremity
of the District consists of high mountains, part of the Kirthar range,