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Imperial Gazetteer of India, v. 24, p. 379.


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NORTHERN WAZIRISTf1N
379
of Nizamâbad within a mile of the town is famed for its weapons;
Wazirabad is an important junction on the North-Western Railway,
as the Sialkot-Jammu and Lyallpur lines both branch off here. The
Chenab river is spanned opposite Wazirabad by the Alexandra railway
bridge, one of the finest engineering works of the kind in India, which
was opened by His Majesty the King-Emperor when Prince of Wales
in 1876. An important fair is held at: Dhaunkal, a short distance off.
The town possesses two Anglo-vernacular high schools, one maintained
by the Church of Scotland Mission, and a Government dispensary.
Waziristân, Northern.-Political Agency in the North-West Fron-
tier Province, lying between 32° 45' and 33 15' N. and 69° 3o' and
70° 40' E., with an area of about 2,31o square miles. It is bounded on
the north and east by the Districts of Kohat and Bannu, and on the
south by the Shaktu stream, from the point where it enters the latter
District to Shuidar at its head. From ~Shuidar the boundary follows the
eastern watershed of the Shawal valley as far as Drenashtar Sar, and
then runs north-east along the Durand Line to Kohisar in the country
of the Kabul Khel Wazirs and Biland Khel. The Agency thus com-
prises four large and fertile valleys: in the north, the Lower Kurram
valley between the Kurram Agency on the upper reaches of that river
and Bannu District; the Kaitu valley; Deux in the valley of the Tochi,
the most open and fertile of the four; and the Khaisora valley in the
south. Between the Kaitu and Tochi lie the Sheratulla and, north of
Miram Shah, the Dande-two barren plains, each about 30 square miles
in area. Another plateau, called the Spererâgha, similar to the Shera-

tulla but smaller, lies between the Kurrarn and the Kaitu. With these
exceptions, the valleys are separated by high barren hills. The loftiest
peak is Shuidar (1 i,ooo feet), at the western end of the Khaisora valley.
The hills are generally composed of eocene sandstone and conglomerate,
through which great masses of limestone crop up; and their surface is
covered with crumbling soil, which in flood-time fills the streams with
the silt that fertilizes the valleys. The lowlands are malarious and un-
healthy from. August to October; and in the summer months the people
migrate to the Shuidar highlands, which enjoy a perfect climate. With
the exception of the Daurs of the Daur valley, the people of Northern
Waziristan all belong to the Darwesh Khel branch of the Wazirs, who
are divided. into two main sections, the Utmanzai and Ahmadzai. Both
these sections are subdivided into numerous clans. The Darwesh Khel
are perhaps the least tractable of the Pathan tribes, and their continued
raids on the Daurs impelled the latter in 1894 to petition the British
Government for protection. In consequence, Daur was taken over and
is now under a form of direct administration, while the Wazirs are
merely under political control. Under the agreement made with the
Amir of Afghanistan in 1893, the boundary of that State was demarcated
VOL. XXIV'. B b
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