by the District board and the four h-2luk boards subordinate to it.
The expenditure in 1903-4 was Rs. 75,000, of which rather more than
a sixth was spent on education, and rather more than a third on public
works. The principal sources of income were rates and assessed taxes,
and a grant from Provincial revenues.
Land revenue .
Total revenue .
Mo-i. 11890-1. 11900-1.
The District Superintendent of police has general control over the
police under the Deputy-Commissioner. The District contained 23
police stations, including town police stations, and 8 outposts. The
force in 1903-4 numbered 417 policemen and 9 rural policemen,
under 3 inspectors. The only jail is at Ycotmâl, which contained
in 1903-4 a daily average of 41 prisoners.
Wtzn stands last among the six Districts of Berar in the literacy
of its population, of whom 2.9 per cent. (5-6 males and o•r females)
could read and write in 1901. The position of the District in this
respect is due to the comparatively large proportion of backward
tribes -Banjdrâs, Gonds, Kolâms, and Pardhâns-which it contains.
Education is most advanced in the Yeotmal and Dârwhâ, tdluks,
and least so in Kelâ,pur. In 1903-4 the District contained 76 public,
49 aided, and io unaided schools, with a total of 6,102 pupils, of
whom 4,647 attended public schools, :233 were girls, and 156 were in
The two secondary schools were managed by the Educational de-
partment, and of the primary schools 74 were managed by the District
board and 54 were aided from public funds. The great majority
of the pupils under instruction in the District were only in primary
classes, and no girls had passed beyond that stage. Of the male
population of school-going age, 7.6 per cent. were in the primary stage
of instruction, and of the female population of the same age, 0-27
per cent. tkruong Musalmâns more than 6 per cent. are able to
read and write. The expenditure on education in 1903-4 was
Rs. 41,000, of which Rs. 1,429 was derived from fees.
The District possesses one hospital and six dispensaries, with accom-
modation for 26 in-patients. In 1903 the number of cases treated was
34,900, of whom 314 were in-patients, and 834 operations were per
formed. The expenditure was Rs. 10,439, of which the greater part
was met from Provincial revenues.
In regard to vaccination the District holds the first place in the
Province. In 1902-3 the number of persons successfully vaccinated