Digital South Asia Library

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Title page p. iii
Copyright p. iv
Dedication p. v
Table of Contents p. vii
Introduction to the Second Impression p. xxxvi
Map and Photographic Plates p. xxxvii
Maps Specifications and Conventions p. xxxviii
Orthographic Conventions and Rules for Pronunciation p. xxxix
The world centered on Delhi, azimuthal equal area projection p. 1
The world centered on Delhi, azimuthal equidistant projection p. 2
Physiography; Lithology p. 3
Terrain of South Asia p. 4
Climate p. 5
Forested areas and natural vegetation types p. 6
The Stone Age p. 7
Neolithic and Chalcolithic Cultures p. 8
Cultures of northwest India and Southwest Asia, 3200-900 B.C. p. 9
The material culture of the Harappan Civilization p. 10
Artifacts of the Harappan Civilization Post-Harappan and Iron Age pottery sites p. 11
Post-Harappan and Iron Age pottery sites p. 12
India of the Vedas and the Epics p. 13
India as revealed in the Mahabharata p. 14
The Pre-Mauryan Age p. 15
"Republics" of northeast India in the 6th-5th century B.C. according to Buddhist sources p. 16
Campaigns and empire of Alexander the Great, 333-326 B.C. p. 17
The time of the Mauryan Empire, 321-181 B.C. p. 18
Religious movements and culture of the pre-Mauryan and Mauryan periods, 6th-3rd century B.C. Probable migration routes of Central Asian peoples to northwestern South Asia p. 19
Probable migration routes of Central Asian peoples to northwestern South Asia p. 20
The Satavahana-Saka-Kusana age, c. A.D. 1-300 p. 21
Religious and cultural sites of the post-Mauryan period, c. 200 B.C.-A.D. 300 p. 22
Monuments of South Asia, c. 150 B.C.-A.D. 300 p. 23
South Asia in the expanding Western view of the world, 1st-3d century A.D. p. 24
The Gupta-Vakataka Age, c. A.D. 300-500 p. 25
The age of Pusyabhuti and Calukyan ascendancy, c. A.D. 550-700 p. 26
Puranic India (Bharata) p. 27
Cultural sites of the Classical Age, c. A.D. 300-700 p. 28
Monuments of South Asia, 4th-7th centuries A.D. p. 29
Southeast Asia to c. A.D. 650 p. 30
The age of the Gurjara-Pratiharas, Palas, and Rastrakutas, c. A.D. 700-975 p. 31
The age of the Ghaznavids, Cahmanas, Later Calukyas, and Colas, c. 975-1200 p. 32
Islamic expansion and changing Western views of South Asia, 7th-12th centuries p. 33
Religious and cultural sites, 8th-12th centuries p. 34
Monuments of South Asia, 8th-13th centuries p. 35
Southeast Asia, c. A.D. 650-1250 p. 36
Northern India and adjacent areas in the time of the Ghurids and Mamluks, c. 1170-1290 p. 37
South Asia in the time of the Khaljis and Tughluqs, c. 1290-1390 p. 38
Political disintegration in Northern South Asia, c. 1390-1450 p. 39
South Asia in the time of the Lodis, 1451-1526 p. 40
Religious and cultural sites, c. 1200-1525 p. 41
Monuments of South Asia, c. 1200-1550 p. 42
Southeast Asia, c. 1250-1550 p. 43
Northern South Asia in the period of Babur, Humayun, and Sher Shah, 1526-1555 p. 44
The Mughal Empire, c. 1605 p. 45
The reigns of Jahangir, Shah Jahan, and Aurangzib, 1605-1707 p. 46
Religious and cultural sites of the Mughal Period, 1526-1707 p. 47
Monuments of South Asia, c. 1550-1770 p. 48
Discovery, expoloration, trade and colonization, 1486-1700 p. 49
European-South Asian commercial contacts, 16th-18th Centuries p. 50
European mapping of South Asia in the 16th, 17th and early 18th Centuries p. 51
Facsimile of excerpt from the ""General Description of East India"" p. 52
Early European establishments on the coast of India p. 53
Mughal disintegration and the rise of regional powers, 1707-1766 p. 54
The expansion of British power, 1766-1819 p. 55
The expansion of British power, 1819-1857 p. 56
British mapping of India, 1788, 1824, and 1856 p. 57
British mapping of India, 1788, 1824, and 1856 p. 58
Systemization of British geographic knowledge of India p. 59
Administrative divisions, 1857, with community of rulers of native states p. 60
India and Ceylon, economy, 1857 p. 61
The Revolt of 1857-1859 p. 62
Events related to the fixing of modern South Asian frontiers p. 63
The march of imperialism in Asia, 1800-1947 p. 64
Territorial and administrative changes, 1857-1904 p. 65
Bengal partition and related territorial and administrative changes, 1905 p. 66
Constitutional development: Evolution of the central legislature p. 67
Constitutional development: Evolution of provincial legislatures p. 68
Modern religious revival and reform movements p. 69
Political events of the nationalist period, 1879-1947 p. 70
The Indian National Congress: Presidents and annual sessions, 1885-1971 p. 71
All-India Muslim League: presidents and sessions, 1906-1943 p. 72
Major elections, 1920-1945 p. 73
South Asia in world affairs in the pre-independence period p. 74
Monuments of the Imperial Period p. 75
The Indian Empire, administrative divisions, 1947, with community of rulers of Indian states and areas of majority of principal communities p. 76
Terrritorial changes, 1947-1955 p. 77
Territorial changes, 1955-1975 p. 78
Administrative divisions, 1975, with changes since 1961 p. 79
Indian general elections, 1952 p. 80
Indian general elections, 1957 p. 81
Indian general elections, 1962 p. 82
Indian general elections, 1967 p. 83
Indian general elections, 1971 p. 84
Elections in Pakistan, Bangladesh, Nepal and Ceylon p. 85
The status, age, and nature of South Asian boundaries p. 86
Territorial and related issues in northwestern South Asia, 1947-1971 p. 87
Territorial and related issues in northern and northeastern South Asia, 1947-1971 p. 88
Communal, sectarian, linguistic, and other social disturbances, 1947-1971 p. 89
South Asia in world affairs, 1947-1971 p. 90
Religious composition, 1931 p. 91
Religious composition, 1961 p. 92
Distribution of Hindus, by minor and major administrative divisions, 1931 and 1961 p. 93
Distribution of Muslims, by minor and major administrative divisions, 1931 and 1961 p. 94
Distribution of Sikhs, 1901, 1931, 1961 p. 95
Distribution of Christians, 1901 and 1931 p. 96
Tribal populaiton and adherents to tribal religions, 1931 and 1961 p. 97
"Scheduled" communities, 1931 and 1961 p. 98
Holy places of South Asia p. 99
Language families and branches, languages and dialects p. 100
Currency of predominant languages and important minority languages p. 101
Currency of selected languages and scripts p. 102
Growth of literacy, 1872-1961 p. 103
Growth of higher education, 1872-1971 p. 104
The growth of newspapers and the cinema industry p. 105
Most numerous caste, tribe, or other ethnic group p. 106
Selected high status castes or other ethnic groups, 1931 p. 107
Castes, tribes, and other ethnic groups, 1931, arranged by functional categories p. 108
Cultural realms, regions, and areas, c. 1961 p. 109
Population density: Densities by minor and major administrative divisions, 1872 and 1901 p. 110
Population density: Densities by minor and major administrative divisions, 1931 and 1961 p. 111
Population growth, 1901-1961 p. 112
Distribution of cities of over 50,000 population, 1872 and 1901 p. 113
Distribution of cities of over 50,000 population, 1931 p. 114
Pattern of migration in the pre-independence period p. 115
Pattern of migration in the post-independence period p. 116
South Asia at the censuses of 1971-1974 p. 117
Male agriculturalist as a percentage of total male earners, 1931 and 1961 p. 118
Major crops, 1961, as a proportion of total cropped area p. 119
Intensity of agriculture p. 120
Land tenure p. 121
Factory employment, by minor administrative divisions, 1931 p. 122
Factory employment in selected industries, 1931 p. 123
Factory employment in selected industries, 1961 p. 124
Growth of road network p. 125
Growth of railway network p. 126
Growth of irrigation canal network p. 127
International routes served by South Asian airways, 1970 p. 128
South Asian foreign trade, 1931 and 1961 p. 129
South Asia, economy, 1961 p. 130
Rural settlement patterns of South Asia p. 131
Rural settlement patterns of South Asia p. 132
Rural house types of Asia p. 133
The growth and development of Calcutta, 1690-1971 p. 134
Growth and development of Lahore, 1850-1971 p. 135
Aspects of urbanism p. 136
Regions of South Asia through the 12th century p. 137
Sectional Map 1: Northwest p. 138
Sectional Map 2: Northeast p. 139
Sectional Map 3: South p. 140
Coverage of gazetteers, 1815-1947, by period (with bibliography) p. 141
Coverage of large- and medium-scale topographic maps of the Surveys of India, Pakistan and Ceylon p. 142
Ethnographic studies of South Asia, by type (with bibliography) p. 143
Fiction in English on life in South Asia, by authorship and original language (with bibliography) p. 144
Major powers to the 6th century A.D. p. 145
Major powers, 6th-12th centuries p. 146
Major powers, 10th-15th centuries p. 147
Major powers, 14th-18th centuries p. 148
Major powers, 16th-20th centuries p. 149
Text p. 150
I The Physical Stage p. 151
II Prehistory p. 155
III From the Vedic through the Classical Age p. 161
IV Kingdoms and Regional Cultures of the Eighth through the Twelfth Century p. 186
V The Period of the Delhi Sultanate p. 194
VI The Mughal Period p. 203
VII The Contest for Power and the Establishment of British Supremacy, 1707-1857 p. 210
VIII Imperial India and the Growth of National Identity p. 215
IX Post-Independence Political History p. 224
X Modern Social and Cultural Evolution p. 230
XI Modern Demographic and Economic Evolution p. 241
XII Settlement Pattern p. 250
XIII References for Detailed Regional Study p. 252
XIV A Geopolitical Synopsis p. 259
Bibliography p. 267
Index p. 327
New Index p. 374
End Cover Inserts p. 377
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