Social Scientist. v 16, no. 158 (July 1986) p. 70.

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Gross income from coconut Rs. 18,706

Paid cost of production Rs. 6,004

Of which :

Tilling labour cost @ 20 paise Rs. 640

Chemical fertilizer cost Rs. 390

Chemical fertilizer application labour cost Rs. 160

Farm yard manure Rs. 2225

Farm yard manure application labour cost Rs. 160

Plucking cost Rs. 1282

Gathering cost Rs. 697

Pesticides use Rs. 450

This large farmer did not have any imputed cost. His household expenditure was 12,900 rupees which he met mainly from coconut.

Thus we see that while the tiny farmer had debts and could not sustain his family from coconut cultivation, the small farmer had to depend on non-agricultural sources for his livelihood. The medium farmer on the other hand just managed to make both ends meet, while the large farmer had enough savings after allfhis expenditure was met.

Action Programme for the Seventh Plan

If processing units are controlled by cultivators, price control and artificial scarcity can be avoided because middlemen and processors can be eliminated. Also to face the powerful middlemen, the cocount growers in the state should join into a cooperative or cooperatives. And to remove the hold on coconut cultivators by merchants, the Coconut Development Board or a state-wide co-operative or a government sponsored system should take over the purchasing of coconut from the farms.

To find a final eolation to the problem of decline in yield and thus of the increasing uneconomic nature of coconut cultivation, an effective cure should be found for the root-wilt.

The coconut oil import policy of the central government has also been found to adversely affect the coconut cultivators of Kerala and the coconut oil manufacturing units in the small scale sector. Therefore the central government should adopt a coconut oil import policy which does not adversely affect the Kerala economy.


CESP, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi.

1. See P. S. George, The Coconut Economy of Kerala (An Analysis of Production trends and projections) Ed. M.A. Oommen, Kerala Economy Since Independence, Oxford and IBH Publishing House, 1979.

2. Ibid.

3. See Report of the Committee on Commodity Taxation, Government of Kerala, 1979.

4. Ibid.

5. Ibid.

6. Ibid.

7. P.S, George, op. cit,

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