Digital South Asia Library

Naim, C.M.. Introductory Urdu (Volume One) [Chicago]: South Asia Language & Area Center, University of Chicago 1999.
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Cover p. Cover
Title page p. title page
p. copyright
Important notice p. ii
Preface p. iii
p. iv
p. v
p. vi
p. vii
p. viii
Table of contents p. 1
p. 2
Phonology p. 3
p. 5
p. 6
p. 7
p. 8
p. 9
p. 10
p. 11
p. 12
Script introduction p. 15
p. 16
Script 1: be series, alif, va'o, bari ye, chhoti ye p. 17
p. 18
p. 19
Script 2: combining letters into syllables p. 20
p. 21
p. 22
p. 23
Script 3: dal series (except zal), re series, chhoti he, nun-e ghunnah p. 24
p. 25
p. 26
p. 27
p. 28
Script 4: jim series, kaf, gaf, lam, mim p. 29
p. 30
p. 31
Script 5: sin, shin, fe, qaf, ghain, do-chashmi he p. 32
p. 33
p. 34
p. 35
Script 6: short vowels, hamzah p. 36
p. 37
p. 38
p. 39
p. 40
Script 7: duplicate sound letters: se, bari he, zal, svad, zvad, to'e, zo'e, 'ain p. 41
p. 42
p. 43
Script 8: full alphabet, diacritics, spelling conventions, numbers, dates, the Arabic al, tanvin, izafat p. 44
p. 45
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p. 54
Grammar p. 55
p. 57
Noun grammar p. 58
p. 59
p. 60
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Vala p. 62
Pronouns p. 63
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p. 65
Adjectives p. 66
p. 67
p. 68
Numbers p. 69
p. 70
Demonstrative pronouns p. 71
Possessive pronouns p. 72
Apna p. 73
Ka/ke/ki & pronominal adjectives p. 74
Interrogative pronominal adjectives p. 75
p. 76
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Relative pronouns p. 80
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Ko'i and kuchh p. 85
p. 86
Sa/se/si p. 87
p. 88
p. 89
Comparatives & superlatives p. 90
p. 91
Verbs p. 92
Subjunctives & futures p. 93
Imperatives p. 94
p. 95
Kar p. 96
Imperfect & present participles p. 97
p. 98
Hona as auxiliary p. 99
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Contrafactuals p. 104
p. 105
p. 106
Presumptives p. 107
Perfect & past participles p. 108
p. 109
Ne & non-ne verbs p. 110
p. 111
Adverbial & unrestrictive participles p. 112
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Ne verbs (continued) p. 120
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Compound verbs p. 132
p. 133
p. 134
p. 135
Chukna p. 136
Sakna p. 137
Pana p. 138
Lagna & dena p. 139
p. 140
Rahna & jana p. 141
Irregular forms of karna p. 142
Passives p. 143
p. 144
Chahna p. 145
p. 146
Chahiye p. 147
p. 148
p. 149
Possession p. 150
Verbal agreement p. 151
p. 152
Direct discourse p. 153
Adverbs p. 154
p. 155
p. 156
Postpositions p. 157
p. 158
p. 159
Particles p. 160
p. 161
p. 162
Kih p. 163
p. 164
p. 165
p. 166
Aur & rhetorical questions p. 167
Word order p. 168
Conditional sentences p. 169
p. 170
p. 171
Relative clauses p. 172
Parna p. 173
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Index to the grammar p. 191
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Grammar exercises p. 195
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Glossary for grammar exercises p. 230
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Serial glossaries: Unit I p. 245
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Unit II p. 248
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Unit III p. 250
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Unit IV p. 252
Unit V p. 253
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Unit VI p. 256
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Unit VII p. 258
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Unit VIII p. 261
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Unit IX p. 264
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Unit X p. 267
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Unit XI p. 269
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Unit XII p. 274
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Unit XIII p. 278
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Unit XIV p. 282
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Unit XV p. 286
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Unit XVI p. 291
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Unit XVII p. 295
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Unit XVIII p. 300
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Unit XIX p. 305
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Unit XX p. 307
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Unit XXI p. 311
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Unit XXII p. 314
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Unit XXIII p. 318
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Unit XXIV p. 321
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Unit XXV p. 325
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Unit XXVI p. 330
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Unit XXVII p. 333
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Unit XXVIII p. 335
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Unit XXIX p. 339
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p. 342
Unit XXX p. 343
p. 344
p. 345

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