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Imperial Gazetteer of India, v. 8, p. 114.

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or 54 per cent. of the total. Christians numbered 91 in igo1, of whom
75 were natives.
The entire District is situated in the trap region, and its soils are
mostly the fertile regar or black cotton soil, especially in the hiiluks of
Bhir, Gevrai, Mzalgaon, and Kaij ; while in the
Agriculture, remaining hiluks masab and kharab soils are inter
spersed with regar. The rabi or cold-season crops, such as cotton,
white jowr, gram, gingelly, and wheat, are grown on regar, while the
kharif or rainy season crops, such as bi!jra and cotton, are sown on
the masab, and yellow jzer, Mjra, pulses, and oilseeds on the kharab
or chalky lands. Cotton and linseed are produced very largely in the
The tenure of lands is mainly ryotwdrz: In 19oi the khjlsa area
and `crown' lands occupied 3,926 square miles, of which 2,430
were cultivated, 614 were cultivable waste and fallows, and 882
were not available for cultivation. By 1903 the cultivated area had
risen to 3,044 square miles. The staple food-crops. are jowr and
bjra, grown on 23 and 14 per cent. of the net area cropped. Wheat
and rice are next in importance, the area under these being 53 and
98 square miles. Cotton, which is grown in all the tdluks, occupied
as much as 318 square miles, and oilseeds 118 square miles.
Since the last settlement, in 1883, all the available land has been
taken up, and no extension of the holdings is possible, while the last
famine caused a great decrease in the cultivated area, owing to the
mortality among the agricultural classes. The ryots have shown no
inclination to introduce new varieties of seed or improved agricultural
No particular breed of cattle is characteristic of the District; but the
bullocks are strong animals, suitable for ploughing the heavy regar.
Sheep and goats are of the ordinary kind. Ponies of very fair breed
are obtainable for from Rs. 50 to Rs. 75 ; horses and ponies from Arab
sires are of a better class, and fetch from Rs. loo to Rs. 400 per head.
At all the tdluk head-quarters stallions are maintained for the purpose
of improving the local breed of horses, and the ryots have not been
slow to avail themselves of the advantages thus held out.
The irrigated area covers only 86 square miles, supplied by 8,537
wells in good repair. Rivers are utilized to a very small extent, as
their beds are too low to allow of water being largely used for irrigation.
Three miles west of Bhir is a large well, called the Khazna baoli, a
wonderful work of engineering, which was constructed about 1582 by
the jdgirdr of Bhir. It irrigates 529 acres by means of channels.
No minerals of any economic value are found in the District.
Granite, basalt, and nodular limestone occur everywhere and are used
for building.
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