excess of the actual breadth of the channel at most seasons of the year.
The principal places on its banks are Chaparmukh, Jamunamukh,
Kharikhana, and Dharamtul. The floods of this river do considerable
damage. Efforts have been made by the villagers to protect their
lands, by constructing an embankment for about 7 miles along the
southern bank from Deonarikoli to Magurgaon in the Sahari mauza.
Kapilmuni.—Village in the head-quarters .subdivision of Khulna
District, Bengal, situated in 22° 42′ N. and 89° 19′ E., on the Kabadak.
Population (1901), 362. Kapilmuni. is connected by steamer service
with Jhingergacha station on the Eastern Bengal State Railway, and
possesses a bi-weekly market. A large annual fair, held in March in
honour of the goddess Kapileswarl, is attended by 6,000 or 7,000 persons.
Kapini,—River in Mysore District, Mysore. See KARHANI.
Kapsi.—Estate in KOLHAPUR STATE, Bombay.
Kapurthala State.—Native State in the Punjab, under the political
control of the Commissioner, Jullundur Division, lying between 31° 9′
and 31° 44′ N. and 75° 3′ and 75° 59′ E., with an area of 652 l square
miles. The population in 1901 was 314,341, giving an average density
of 499 persons per square mile. The State consists of three detached
pieces of territory, the principal of which is an irregular strip of country
on the east bank of the Beas, varying in breadth from 7 to 20 miles,
and measuring in all 510 square miles. It stretches from the borders
of Hoshiarpur District on the north to the Sutlej on the south, while
on the east it is bounded by Jullundur District. This portion of the
State lies, for the most part, in the Beas lowlands, and is roughly
bisected from north to south-by the White or Western Bein. The
Phagwara tahsll, which measures 118 square miles, is enclosed by
Jullundur District on all sides except the north-east, >m6f^ it marches
with Hoshiarpur. The rest of the territory .consists bT& small block of
villages, known as the Bhunga ilaka, which rorrtis an island in Hoshiar-
pur District. Both these tracts lie in the great plain of the Doab, which
. contains some of the best land in the Province, and are traversed by
the torrents which issue from the Siwaliks, the most important of which;
known as the Black or Eastern Bein, passes through the north of the
Phagwara tahsll. The State lies entirely in the alluvium, and the flora
and fauna resemble those of the neighbouring Dis-
ysica tricts. The climate is generally good, except in the
lowlands during the rainy season. The rainfall is
heaviest in Bholath and lightest in the Sultanpur tahsll. The average
is much the same as in Jullundur.
1 These figures do not agree with Ihe area given in Table III of the article on the
PUNJAB, and in the table on p. 410 of this article, which is the area as returned in 1901,
the year of the latest Census. They are taken from more recent returns. The density
is taken from the Census Report of 1901.