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Imperial Gazetteer of India, v. 20, p. 52.

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Patlur.-` Crown ' Idluk of the Atraf-i-balda District, Hyderabad
State, lying south of Bihar District, with an area of 595 square miles
including jdgirs. The population in 1go1 was 52,833, compared
with 53,878 in 18gr. It contains 138 villages, of which 23 are jdgir,
and Dharur (population, 1,949) is the head-quarters. The land revenue
in 19o1 was 16 lakhs.
Patna Division.-A Division of Bihar in Bengal, lying between
24 17' and 27 31' N. and 83 Ig' and 86 44' E. It is bounded on
the east by the Bhagalpur Division, and on the west by the United
Provinces, and extends from Nepal on the north to the Chota Nagpur
plateau on the south. The head-quarters of the Commissioner, who
is assisted by an Additional Commissioner, are at BANKIPORE. The
Division includes seven Districts, with area, population, and revenue
as shown below:--

Land revenue
District. Area in Population, and cesses,
miles. 1903-4,
square 1901. in thousa nds
of rupees.
Patna-___.. 21075 1,624,985 __
Gay5, 4,712 2,059,933 19,54
Shahabad 4,373 1,962,696 2162
Saran 2,674 2,409,509 16,22
Champaran 3,531 1,790,463 6,89
Muzaffarpur . 3,035 2,754,790 13,64
Darbhanga 3,348 2,912,6 11 12,93
Total 23,748 15,514,987 1-10,4
NOTE.-In the Census Retort of 19oi the area of Saran was shown as 2,656
square miles, of Muzaffarpur as 3,004 square miles, and of Darbhanga as
3,335 square miles. The figures adopted above are taken from the recent
Settlement Reports.
The population increased from 13,118,917 in 1872 to 15,o61,493 in
1881 and to 15,8r1,604 in 18gi,but in Igo1 it had fallen to 15,514,987
This decrease was shared by all the Districts except Muzaffarpur and
Darbhanga. In Champaran the decline is attributable to the un-
healthiness of the District, which suffered greatly from malarial
affections and severe epidemics of cholera. Elsewhere the decrease
is mainly attributable to the direct and indirect losses caused by the
plague epidemic, a very heavy mortality, the flight of the immigrant
population, and, in some parts where the epidemic was raging at the
time of the Census, the failure of the census staff to effect an ex-
haustive enumeration. Prior to Igo1 the epidemic had been most
virulent in Patna, whose population declined by 8-4 per cent. during
the decade.
The average density is 653 persons per square mile, a high propor-
tion compared with Bengal as a whole. The population exceeds that
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