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Imperial Gazetteer of India, v. 20, p. 59.


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A GRIC UL TURF
59
BARH. The head-quarters are at BANKIPORE, a suburb of Patna. The
density is highest along the Ganges and in the Bihar thcina, and least
in the Bikram and Masaurhibazurg thaanas in the south-west and in the
Rajgir hills. There is a considerable ebb and flow of population across
the boundary line which divides Patna from the adjoining Districts,
and, in addition to this, no less than one-twentieth of its inhabitants
have emigrated to more distant places. They are especially numerous
in Calcutta, where more than 3o,ooo natives of this District were
enumerated in 19oi ; these were for the most part only temporary
absentees. The vernacular of the District is the Magah! dialect of
Bihar! Hindi. Hindus number 1,435,637, or 88-3 per cent. of the
total population, and Musalmans 186,411, or 11-5 per cent.
Number of
o o o
Subdivision.
o.C Z O
C o ^~ p0, aP y,dP. v .
~
a
Bankipore 334 2 975 341,054 1,021 - 15.6 27,778
Dinapore. 424 2 791 315,697 745 - 10.4 21,155
Barh 526 2 1,075 365,327 695 - 22,509
10-5
Bihar 791 1 2,111 602,907 762 - 32,833
0.9
District total 2,075 7 4,952 1,624,985 783 - 8.4 104,275
The most numerous Hindu castes are Ahirs and Goalas (220,000),
Kurmis (18i,ooo), Babhans (114,ooo), Dosadhs (96,ooo), Kahars
(85,ooo), Koiris (8o,ooo), Rajputs (64,000), Chamars (56,ooo), and
Telis (52,ooo). Agriculture supports 62-3 per cent. of the population,
industries 17-1 per cent., commerce 1-2 per cent., and professions 24
per cent.
Christians number 2,562, of whom only 139 are natives. The
principal missions are the London Baptist Missionary Society, the
London Baptist Zanana Mission, the Zanana Bible and Medical
Mission, and the Roman Catholic Mission. The Zanana Bible and
Medical Mission possesses a well-equipped hospital in Patna city; the
Roman Catholic Mission has a boys' school at Kurji, and a girls'
boarding-school and European and native orphanages at Bankipore ;
while each of the other missions, in addition to evangelistic work,
maintains some schools.
The agricultural conditions are fairly uniform throughout; but the
Bihar subdivision is for the most part lower than the rest of the District
and is better adapted for the cultivation of rice,
while the Barh subdivision is more suited to rabi Agriculture.
crops. The most naturally productive soil is the didra land along the
bank of the Ganges ; but the most valuable of all is the fertile high
VOL. XX. 1:
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