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Imperial Gazetteer of India, v. 21, p. 415.


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SALWEEN DISTRICT
415
Salur Tahsil.-Tahsil in Vizagapatam District, Madras, lying be-
tween 18' r g' and r.8 46' N. and 83' 3' and' 830 22` E., at the foot of
the' Eastern Ghats and traversed by the road from Vizianagram to
Jeypore. It lies partly within the Agency tract, the area of the ordinary
portion being 180, and of the Agency part oo square miles: total;
380 square miles. The population in 1901 was 97,843, compared
with 88,836 in x8gr. The tahsil contains one town, SALUR (population,
16,239), the head-quarters; and 199 villages. The Agency population
consists chiefly of Khonds and other hill tribes. The demand for land
revenue and cesses in 1903-4 was Rs. 48,500.
SFLlfir Town.-Head-quarters of the tahsil of the same name in
Vizagapatam District, Madras, situated in 18 31' N. and 83' 13' E
at the foot of the Ghats on the road from the Jeypoie estate to
Vizianagram. Population (1901), x6,239:
Salween District (Burmese, Thanlwin).-A hill District in the
extreme north of the Tenasserim Division of Lower Burma, lying be-
tween 170 17' and x8 41' N. and 96 58' and g7 461 E., with an
area of 2,666 square miles. - It includes the whole of -the country
between the Salween on the east and the Paunglaung range (the
watershed between the Sittang and the Yunzalin and Bilin) on the
west. To the north of the District lies Karenni ; to the west Toungoo
District; to the south and south-east Thaton District; and to the
east, on the farther side of the Salween, the province of Chiengma in
Northern Siam. The District is about 120 miles long by 40 to 5_'
miles broad in a direct line. Its distinctive features Physical
are the long narrow valleys into which it is divided aspects.
by ranges of hills, having a general direction of
north-north-west and south-south-east, with peaks rising to 3,ooo and
5;000 feet. The whole country is, in point of fact, a wilderness of
mountains, and the valleys may more properly be described as long
winding gorges, in which the view is naturally very limited. The
scenery in the Yunzalin valley is `extremely picturesque; but, owing
to the nature of the country, it is confined to short stretches of river
and hill, a picture that is repeated with monotonous iteration through-
out the greater part of the valley. The pine forests that clothe' the
hills farther north, however, afford some variation to the otherwise
tedious beauty of the scenery in general.
The country is drained by three main rivers: the SAI.WEEN, which
gives the District its name, to the east; the Yunzalin, one of the
Salween's affluents, in the centre; and the' Bilin to the west-all fed
by innumerable mountain torrents and partaking somewhat of e14e`
nature of their turbulent tributaries. They all flow in a south-sour
easterly direction. The Yunzalin; which divides the District into two
halves east and west, is navigable by country boats as far as Papun,, the.
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